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    Review of Basic Plant Physiology, Biology and Evolution

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    PLANTS

    -All modern plants are probably descendants of

    A. Fungi

    Green algae

    Club mosses

    Horsetails

    -Protists include

    A. Ferns

    Gymnosperms

    Angiosperms

    Green algae

    -An adaptation of land plants that inhibits water loss is the

    A. cell wall

    chloroplast

    cuticle

    vascular tissue

    -During photosynthesis, plants

    A. take in oxygen and carbon dioxide

    take in oxygen and give off carbon dioxide

    givee off oxygen and carbon dioxide

    take in carbon dioxide and give off oxygen

    -Rhizoids are structures analogous to

    A. Stems

    Roots

    Leaves

    Chloroplast

    -The sporophyte generation of plants consists of

    A. N cells

    2n cells

    3n cells

    4n cells

    -Sporangia are adaptive characteristics of

    A. ferns

    green algae

    gymnosperms

    angiosperms

    -Seeds enclosed in a fruit are adaptations of

    A. angiosperms

    nonvascular plants

    gymnosperms

    green algae

    -The plants best adapted to survival in harsh, dry climates are

    A. green algae

    ferns

    liverworts

    gymnosperms

    -The need for a watery environment for transfer of sperm to egg is an
    adaptation found in

    A. Mosses

    Ferns

    Mosses and ferns

    Gymnosperms

    -Development of the gametophyte within the tissues of the sporophyte is
    an
    adaptation found in

    A. mosses

    gymnosperms

    angiosperms

    gymnosperms and angiosperms

    -Flowers are reproductive organs is

    Mosses

    Ferns

    Gymnosperms

    Angiosperms

    -A small sporophyte generation retained within or supported by the
    gametophyte plant is typical of

    Mosses

    Ferns

    Mosses and ferns

    Angiosperms

    -Wind is one major carrier of gametes for

    mosses

    ferns

    gymnosperms

    angiosperms

    -Cones are the reproductive organ for

    mosses

    ferns

    gymnosperms

    angiosperms

    - Seed bearing plants in which the embryo is protected include

    ferns

    angiosperms

    gymnosperms

    angiosperms and gymnosperms

    -Sepals and petals along with stamens and pistils are present in

    mosses

    ferns

    gymnosperms

    angiosperms

    -A watery environment is not needed for sperm transfer within

    ferns

    gymnosperms

    angiosperms

    angiosperms and gymnosperms

    -Bulbs are food storage organs that aid a plant in

    spreading out over a large area

    surviving over the winter

    supplying food for animals and people

    resisting infection

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com May 20, 2020, 2:19 pm ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/biology/plant-biology/review-of-basic-plant-physiology-biology-and-evolution-85316

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    Solution Summary

    Answers and explanations with web links to a series of multiple choice questions regarding plant physiology, biology and evolution.

    $2.19

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