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Review of Basic Plant Physiology, Biology and Evolution

PLANTS

-All modern plants are probably descendants of

A. Fungi

Green algae

Club mosses

Horsetails

-Protists include

A. Ferns

Gymnosperms

Angiosperms

Green algae

-An adaptation of land plants that inhibits water loss is the

A. cell wall

chloroplast

cuticle

vascular tissue

-During photosynthesis, plants

A. take in oxygen and carbon dioxide

take in oxygen and give off carbon dioxide

givee off oxygen and carbon dioxide

take in carbon dioxide and give off oxygen

-Rhizoids are structures analogous to

A. Stems

Roots

Leaves

Chloroplast

-The sporophyte generation of plants consists of

A. N cells

2n cells

3n cells

4n cells

-Sporangia are adaptive characteristics of

A. ferns

green algae

gymnosperms

angiosperms

-Seeds enclosed in a fruit are adaptations of

A. angiosperms

nonvascular plants

gymnosperms

green algae

-The plants best adapted to survival in harsh, dry climates are

A. green algae

ferns

liverworts

gymnosperms

-The need for a watery environment for transfer of sperm to egg is an
adaptation found in

A. Mosses

Ferns

Mosses and ferns

Gymnosperms

-Development of the gametophyte within the tissues of the sporophyte is
an
adaptation found in

A. mosses

gymnosperms

angiosperms

gymnosperms and angiosperms

-Flowers are reproductive organs is

Mosses

Ferns

Gymnosperms

Angiosperms

-A small sporophyte generation retained within or supported by the
gametophyte plant is typical of

Mosses

Ferns

Mosses and ferns

Angiosperms

-Wind is one major carrier of gametes for

mosses

ferns

gymnosperms

angiosperms

-Cones are the reproductive organ for

mosses

ferns

gymnosperms

angiosperms

- Seed bearing plants in which the embryo is protected include

ferns

angiosperms

gymnosperms

angiosperms and gymnosperms

-Sepals and petals along with stamens and pistils are present in

mosses

ferns

gymnosperms

angiosperms

-A watery environment is not needed for sperm transfer within

ferns

gymnosperms

angiosperms

angiosperms and gymnosperms

-Bulbs are food storage organs that aid a plant in

spreading out over a large area

surviving over the winter

supplying food for animals and people

resisting infection

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Solution Summary

Answers and explanations with web links to a series of multiple choice questions regarding plant physiology, biology and evolution.

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