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    Role of ATP in the reaction

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    Table and questions
    Details: Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis co-exist as paired metabolic processes.

    Photosynthesis uses light energy to convert carbon dioxide into glucose, a simple sugar, in two steps, the light dependent and light independent reactions. Oxygen is produced as a by product during photosynthesis. This reaction stores energy in the chemical bonds of glucose.

    Sugar and other carbohydrates are used as fuel sources by cells. During the process of Aerobic Cellular Respiration, glucose is broken down using oxygen. This reaction releases energy which is used to create ATP molecules, the energy carrier molecule of cells. The process also releases Carbon Dioxide as a byproduct.

    Part 1: Download and fill out this table to compare and contrast Photosynthesis and Aerobic Cellular Respiration. You will submit the completed table for Part 1.

    Click here for a copy of the table.

    Photosynthesis
    Aerobic Cellular Respiration

    Full balanced equation

    Reactants

    Products

    Is this reaction endergonic or exergonic? State which one it is.

    Energy source used

    Cell organelles involved in the reaction

    Role of ATP in the reaction

    Part 2: After completing the table you will have a basic understanding of these two complementary metabolic processes. Using what you have learned, and additional reference information, answer the following questions.

    What is the name given to the types of organisms that can use photosynthesis to produce glucose? In addition, provide THREE specific examples..
    What is the name given to the types of organisms that exclusively use aerobic cellular respiration to break down glucose to produce ATP for energy? In addition, provide THREE specific examples.
    If oxygen is lacking, how might cells meet their energy needs through fermentation? Explain and give some examples of cells that can do this.
    Both photosynthesis and aerobic cellular respiration are examples of complex metabolic pathways, consisting of many linked chemical reactions that require enzymes to function. Briefly, explain two (ONLY TWO) attributes of enzymes in catalyzing chemical reactions and in metabolic pathways.
    Be sure to list and cite in APA, all references used to prepare both parts of this IP assignment.

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    Solution Preview

    1.What is the name given to the types of organisms that can use photosynthesis to produce glucose? In addition, provide THREE specific examples.
    Ans. The organisms that can use photosynthesis to produce glucose are known as photoautotrophs. For instance, blue-green algae, Pine trees, and Oak trees.

    2.What is the name given to the types of organisms that exclusively aerobic cellular respiration to break down glucose to produce ATP for energy? In addition, provide THREE specific examples.
    Ans. The organisms that can use aerobic cellular respiration to break down glucose to produce ATP are known as aerobic organisms. For instance, all organisms such as fungi, plants, and animals.

    3.If oxygen is lacking, how might cells meet their energy needs through fermentation? Explain and give some examples of cells that can do this.
    Ans. glucose -> pyruvic acid ->lactic acid
    The above reaction takes place in our muscle cells. It is anaerobic in nature. During continuous physical exercise such as running, walking over long distances, etc. our muscles work too fast, but do not get enough oxygen. In ...

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