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Co-Existence of Respiration and Photosynthesis

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Part 1: Fill out the following table to compare and contrast Photosynthesis and Aerobic Cellular Respiration.

Photosynthesis

Aerobic Cellular Respiration

Full balanced equation

Reactants

Products

Is this reaction endergonic or exergonic? State which one it is.

Energy source used

Cell organelles involved in the reaction

Role of ATP in the reaction

Part 2: After completing the table you will have a basic understanding of these two complementary metabolic processes. Using what you have learned, and additional reference information, answer the following questions.

What types of organisms can use Photosynthesis to produce glucose? Provide examples.
What types of organisms can use Aerobic Cellular Respiration to break down glucose to produce ATP? Provide examples.
If oxygen is lacking, how might cells meet their energy needs through fermentation? Explain and give some examples of cells that can do this.
Both reactions are examples of complex metabolic pathways, consisting of many linked reactions. Briefly, explain the role of enzymes in chemical reactions and metabolic pathways.
Be sure to list and cite in APA, all references used to prepare both parts of this IP assignment.

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Solution Preview

Part 1

See attached

Part 2: After completing the table you will have a basic understanding of these two complementary metabolic processes. Using what you have learned, and additional reference information, answer the following questions.

What types of organisms can use Photosynthesis to produce glucose? Provide examples.
All autotrophs uses photosynthesis for the production of glucose. Examples of autotrophs are algae, bryophytes, pteridophytes, angiosperms etc.

What types of organisms can use Aerobic Cellular Respiration to break down glucose to produce ATP? Provide examples.
All living ...

Solution Summary

This solution is provided within an attached Word document and presents part of the response in chart form.

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1. The integrity of the plasma membrane is essential for cellular survival. Could the immune system utilize this fact to destroy foreign cells that have invaded the body? How might cells of the immune system disrupt membranes of foreign cells? (Two hints: virtually all cells can secrete proteins, and some proteins form pores in membranes.)

2. Most cells are very small. What physical and metabolic constraints limit cell size? What problems would an enormous cell encounter? What adaptations might help a very large cell to survive?

4. Some species of bacteria that live at the surface of sediment on the bottom of lakes are facultative anaerobes; that is, they are capable of either aerobic or anaerobic respiration. How will their metabolism change during the summer when the deep water becomes anoxic (deoxygenated)? If the bacteria continue to grow at the same rate, will glycolysis increase, decrease, or remain the same after the lake becomes anoxic? Explain why.

5. Often, prokaryotic cells exist as simple unicellular organisms, but in some species, prokaryotic cells can grow together in colonies or filaments. In addition, some species, such as Cynaobacteria or Myxobacteria, demonstrate intercellular communicate , or might even produce specialized cells and structures. However, only eukaryotic cells form the bodies of multicellular organisms with complex internal specialization. Develop one or two hypotheses explaining why only eukaryotic cells are found in multicellular organisms.

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