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Comparing and Contrasting Photosynthesis and Aerobic Cellular Respiration

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Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis co-exist as paired metabolic processes.

Photosynthesis uses light energy to convert carbon dioxide into glucose, a simple sugar, in two steps, the light dependent and light independent reactions. Oxygen is produced as a by product during photosynthesis. This reaction stores energy in the chemical bonds of glucose.

Sugar and other carbohydrates are used as fuel sources by cells. During the process of Aerobic Cellular Respiration, glucose is broken down using oxygen. This reaction releases energy which is used to create ATP molecules, the energy carrier molecule of cells. The process also releases Carbon Dioxide as a by product.

Outline a brief summary of the major differences and similarities between these two pathways.

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# Both plants and animals carry out respiration, only plants carry on photosynthesis.
# Cell organelle for aerobic respiration is the mitochondrion; the organelle for photosynthesis is the chloroplast.
# Overall equation for aerobic cellular respiration is the ...

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