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Viral Pathogen: HIV and AIDS

Choose any of viruses discussed and describe its characteristics including the viral family it belongs to, disease caused, mode of transmission, epidemiology, and vaccination if available.

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Viral Pathogen
Choose any of viruses discussed and describe its caharateristics including the viral family it belongs to, disease caused, mode of transmission, epidemiology, and vaccination if available.

HIV is the virus chosen here.
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. HIV is an enveloped retrovirus that has two copies of an RNA genome. HIV virus has several unique enzymes, such as reverse transcriptase, integrase, and viral protease. These enzymes play crucial role in producing new copies of HIV. HIV virion has a capsid that is surrounded by a viral envelope. The envelope contains viral glycoproteins that "binds specifically to CD4 T cell receptors enabling the virus to enter its host." (1)
Retrovirus has an RNA genome that can be transcribed back into DNA in the host cell by the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The DNA is then integrated into the host genome.
HIV belong to the group of viral family called ...

Solution Summary

This solution provides extensive information on HIV and AIDS, and step-by-step detailed process of host infection.

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