Explore BrainMass
Share

Explore BrainMass

    Ketone Bodies

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    What are the ketone bodies? Why do they have that name, and how do they arise in metabolism? Explain why they accumulate under conditions of carbohydrate starvation or in diabetes.

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com April 3, 2020, 11:54 pm ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/biology/metabolism/ketone-bodies-metabolism-523428

    Solution Preview

    Please download attached file.

    ANSWER:
    There are 3 known ketone bodies namely: ACETOACETATE , ACETONE and BETA-HYDROXYBUTYRATE. They are formed through the pathway known as KETOGENESIS using Acetyl-Coa as precursor. Please see the following figure for ketogenesis.

    THE KETOGENESIS PATHWAY
    ACETOACETATE, ACETONE and BETA-HYDROXYBUTYRATE are collectively known as ketone bodies, primarily because of the presence of the ketone group (C=O) in their structure, except of course for beta-hydroxybutyrate. However, the OH group in beta-hydroxybutyrate is actually formed through reduction of the ketone ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution discusses ketone bodies. How these arise in metabolism are determined. The expert explains why they accumulate under conditions of carbohydrate starvation or in diabetes. The Krebs Cycle is analyzed.

    $2.19

    ADVERTISEMENT