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What is the anthocyanin? What is the significance research for anthocyanin? Please paraphrase and add a journal reference.

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Anthocyanins: Anthocyanins are colorful pigments that occur naturally in plants. More specifically, they are phytochemicals that are in the flavonoid group of molecules. They can be found in foods such as teas, fruits, vegetables, and honey. They not only add color to plants and foods, but also appear have antioxidant capabilities, anti-inflammatory activity, and immune system boosting activity. These activities of anthocyanins are measurable properties of the molecules that are researched examples of the health benefits they may provide when ingested. Studies have also shown that anthocyanins may help improve vision, reduce the division of cancer cells, protect blood vessels against oxidative stress, decrease weight gain and fat tissue formation, and enhance cognitive function (Lila, 2004).

Structure of anthocyanins: Anthocyanins are glycosides of anthocyanidins (i.e. they are anthocyanidins with an added sugar group). The sugar or carbohydrate group is usually bonded in the three position on the anthocyanidin. Anthocyanins have a positive charge, which is what ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides a brief overview of anthocyanins and current research that is being done with these molecules, including possible health benefits that they provide to humans.

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