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Organisms - Biology Study Guide

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I would like to have a study guide for my biology exam coming up this week. Could you find the answers to these questions?

1. Does a clam have no body symmetry, bilateral symmetry, or radial symmetry?

2. Indicate each of the following organisms whether they are classified under the Porifera phylum, the Cnidarian phylum, the Nematode phylum, the platyhelminthes phylum, or the annelid phylum. Sponge...Hydra...Coral...Polyp....Medusa...

3. Indicate which phylum is being described for each out of the Poriferam cnidarian, nematode, platyhelminthes, or annelid.
Segmented round worms...Filter Feeder....Sessile....Stinging cells...Straight tube within a tube...Porous bodies...Smooth skinned round worm...Tentacles...Flat worms.

Complete the following multiple choice questions

4. Sponges cannot hunt their prey, cnidarians can. Cnidarians gain this ability through the use of..a) sessile cells, b)pores, c)stinging cells, d)tentacles, e)the osculum

5. Which is a true statement about an animal that is bilaterally symmetrical?
a) it has sense organs at the posterior end, b) all are parasites, c) it is sessile, d) it has no posterior, e) it has sense organs at the anterior end.

6. Which of the following is a parasitic flat worm?
a) planaria, b) earthworm, c) leech, d) hookworm, e) tapeworm

7. One difference between a round worm and a flat worm is that a round worm has
a) no posterior end, b) a mouth, c) one opening to the outside environment, d) cells with a cell wall, e) a mouth and an anus

8. Regeneration is closely associated with
a) protection, b) respiration, c) defense, d) digestion, e) reproduction

9.Organisms that are anchored to the ocean floor are said to be
a) sessile, b) dormant, c) flagellated, d) summetric, e) parasites

10. What is one way in which sponges are different from other animals?
a) most have no body symmetry, b) they move very slowly, c) they are eukaryotes, d) they reproduce asexually, e) they are consumers

11. Most animals need a support system that is flexible enough to
a) with-stand temperature changes, b) be digested by enzymes, c) allow movement, d) absorb blood, e) act as filters

12. A term that is used to identify an animal that can produce both eggs and sperm is known as a a) hermaphrodite, b) medusa, c) polyps, d) heterotroph, e) protist

13. A relative of the Portugese man-of-war is the
a) earthworm b) sponge c) planaria d) hookworm e) hydra

14.The most ancient animal (most primitive) of all animals alive today are
a) hydras b) sea anemone c) planaria d) nematodes e) sponges

15. All animals that eat other animalsor parts of them are
a) carnivores b) herbivores c) sessile d) motile e)producers

16. The planaria sucks food from its body through its
a) hooks b) suckers c) pharynx d) cavity e) stomach

17. The eyespots of the planaria are located
a) at the ventral dorsal b) at the posterior dorsal c) at the posterior ventral d) at the anterior dorsal e) the planaria does not even have eyespots

18. Which of the following organisms is not related to the jellyfish?
a) hydra b) sea anemone c) planaria d) sponge e) both c and d

19. Which of the following is the breathing structure for the earthworm?
a) lungs b) gills c) mouth d) mantle e) moist skin

20. Which of the following is the function of the circulatory system?
a) take oxygen from the atmosphere
b) eliminate the body of liquid waste products
c) carry oxygen and nutrients to all the tissues of the organism's body
d) pump the blood
e) to remove solid waste materials from the organisms

21. Which of the following IS NOT TRUE concerning the organisms located in the animal kingdom?
a) cells contain a nuclear membrane
b) these organisms are heterotrophs
c) all animals can reproduce sexually
d) cell structure of these organisms are eukaryotic
e) all animals contain a mouth opening and an anus opening

22. Which of the following IS NOT TRUE:
a) the top fin of a shark is located on its ventral region of the animal
b) the antennae of insects are located on the anterior region of the animal
c) the anus of the earthworm is located on the posterior region of the animal
d) the mouth of the planaria is located on the anterior region of the animal
e) both a and d are incorrect

23. Which organism contains no true tissues nor true organs?
a) planaria b) earthworm c) round worms d)snail e) sponge

24. Many cnidarians are considered polyps because
a) they are sessile
b) their tentacles are located on the top of the organism
c) their mouth is located on the bottom of the organism
d) their anus is located on the dorsel side of the organism
e) their cells contain a cell wall

25. Which of the following organisms have no backbones (invertebrates)
a) leech
b)earthworm
c) sponge
d) tapeworm
e) all of the above

26. The following description would place an organism in which kingdom: eukaryotic/multicellular/heterotroph/cells lack a cell wall
a) protist b) fungi c) moneran d) Animal e) plant

27. Which of the following structures do a nematode and an annelid have in common? a) eyespots b) mouth and an anus c) tube within a tube d) segments e) both b and c

28. Which of the following structures do a Porifera and a Cnidarian have in common?
a) a large cavity inside the body
b) multicellular
c) stinging cells
d) a segmented body
e) both and b

29. Which of the following structures do a Cnidarian and an Annelid have in common?
a) hearts b) intestines c) an anus d) segments e) no backbone

30. Which of the following structures do a planaria and an earthworm have in common?
a) a mouth and an anus b) ganglion (brain tissue) c) segments d) eyespots e)ringworm

31. Suckers and hooks are found on the tapeworm's
a) tail b) posterior region d) neck e) head

31. Which of the following animals IS NOT an invertebrate?
a) sponge b) tapeworm c) nematode d) jellyfish e)cat

32. An organism that can move about freely is said to be
a) a vertebrate b) sedentary c) flexibile d) sessile e) motile

33. One difference between nematodes and the planaria is that nematodes have a digestive system with
a) no posterior end b) one opening c) a mouth d) two openings e) a pharynx

34. In reference to your body, which of the following is true>
a) your eyes are located on the anterior region
b) your ears are located on the posterior region
c) your backbone is located on the ventral
d) your "belly button" is located on the ventral region
e) Both A and D

35. Animals that have bilateral symmetry have an anterior end, a posterior end, a ventral side and a(n)
a) sessile side b) dorsal side c) frontal side d) underside e) a light side

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Biology Study Guide

Hi, I have created a study guide for my biology final exam coming up. Please choose which is the correct answer for each question. Thank you.

1. Natural selection is the process by which
a) the age of selected fossils is calculated.
b) organisms with traits well-suited to their environment survive and reproduce more.
c) acquired traits are passed on from one generation to the next.
d) All of the above

2. The organism Quercus phellos(italicized) is a member of the genus
a) plantae
b) phellos(italicized)
c) Quercus (italicized)
d) Protista

3. Poison ivy is also known as Rhus toxicodendron(italicized). Its species is
a) poison
b) Rhus(italicized)
c) ivy
d) toxicodendron(italicized)

4. Scientific names are written in what language?
a) English
b) Greek
c) Arabic
d) Latin

5.Kingdoms are divided into phyla, and a phylum is divided into
a) families
b) classes
c) orders
d) Latin

6. Nearly all single-celled eukaryotes that are either heterotrophic or photosynthetic belong to the kingdom
a) animal
b) fungi
c) plant
d) protista

7. Most multicellular, nucleated autotrophs that carry on photosynthesis belong to the kingdom
a) animal
b) moneran
c) fungi
d) plant

8. Bacteria are the only organisms characterized as
a) unicellular
b) prokaryotic
c) eukaryotic
d) photosynthetic

9. Bacteria lack a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelles; therefore, they are classified as
a) prokaryotes
b) aerobes
d) anaerobes
d) eukaryotes

10. A pathogen is an agent that is
a) beneficial to humans
b) harmful only to plants
c) harmful to living organisms
d) nearly extinct

11. We know viruses are not alive because
a) they are not cellular
b) they cannot make proteins
c) they do not have cytoplasm
d) all of the above are true

12. Which of the following is not a viral disease of humans?
a) hepatitis
b) AIDS
c) influenza
d) all of the above are caused by a virus

13. All protozoans
a) are parasites
b) have a nucleus
c) move toward light
d) use flagella to move

14. Pseudopodia (flowing protoplasm) are used for
a) movement by the paramecium
b) movement by the amoebas
c) movement by the Euglena
d) movement by the sporozoans

15. A structure that some protists have that is used to detect light is called a(n)
a) eyespot
b) ganglion
c) food vacuole
d) cilia

16. Autotrophic protists are
a) usually found deep in the oceans
b) always unicellular
c) oftencalled algae
d) All of the above

17. Euglena is an example of a protist that
a) is unicellular
b) is a eukaryote
c) that moves with the aid of flagellul
d) has all of the above

18. Fungi
a) do not contain chloroplasts
b) have cell walls
c) do not produce their own food
d) all of the above

19. In a mushroom, what features characterize the fungi kingdom(the kingdom which a mushroom is a member of)
a) eukaryotic absorbs nutrients
b) aquatic, multicellular
c) autotrophic, ingests nutrients
d) prokaryotic, photosynthetic

20.) Mushrooms are examples of
a) multiceullar fungi
b) unicellular fungi
c) pathogenic fungi
d) a simple plant

21.) An economically important use of fungi is
a) bread making
b) the production of antibiotics
c) food
d) all of the above

22.) Butterflies
a) have no symmetry
b) are bilaterally symmetrical
c) exhibit radial symmetry
d) have reverse symmetry

23.) Sponges obtain food
a) by photosynthesis
b) by using their stinging cells to paralyze protozoa
c) by filtering small organisms from the water
d) by using their tentacles

24.) Which organism captures its prey using stinging cells?
a) a fish
b) a worm
c) a butterfly
d) None of the above

25.) Which of the following is correctly paired?
a) phylum platyhelminthes-hydra
b) phylum nematoda-planaria
c) phylum mollusca-octopus
d) phylum annelida-roundworm

26.) All of the following are examples of the phylum Mollusk except
a) bivalves
b) the squid
c) the water snail
d) the scorpion

27.) Segmented worms are known as
a) nematodes
b) annelids
c) planarians
d) arthropods

28.) Earthworms are considered to be beneficial to the environment because
a) their undigrested wastes contain nutrients
b) they aerate the soil as they move through it.
c) they break up the soil in which they live.
d) all of the above

29.) Tapeworms
a) use hooks and suckers to attach to the intestines of their host
b) are parasitic
c) are in the same phylum as the planaria
d) all of the above

30.) the appendages of arthropods
a) may serve as walking legs
b) may be antennae
c) may be modified into large claws
d) all of the above

31.) Lobsters, insects, and spiders are all examples
a) amphibians
b) vertebrates
c) arthropods
d) monerans

32.) In what way are lobsters similar to spiders?
a) they have jointed appendages
b) they have exoskeletons
c) they have segmented bodies
d) all of the above

33.) Spiders, scorpions, and mites belong to the phylum
a) arthropoda
b) crustacean
c) chordata
d) invertebrata

34.) Spiders typically have
a) three body segments and six legs
b) two body segments and four legs
c) two body segments and eight legs
d) none of the above

38.) The antennae are located at the ____ region of an organism
a) anterior
b) lateral
c) posterior
d) ventral

39.) What part of the body does a fish use to sense the pressure and vibrations in the water?

40.) The swim (air) bladder of a fish
a) stores air for breathing in the fish
b) contains antibodies for the fish
d) helps the fish to rise and sink in the water

41.) Which of the following organisms does not reproduce by a process called external fertilization?
a) the salmon
b) the frog
c) the reptile
d) the sponge

42.) Amphibians must reproduce in water or moist places because their eggs
a) are fertilized externally
b) have a jelly-like coating that is freely permeable to water
c) will dry out if removed from moisture
d) All of the above

43.) Which of the following is a reptilian adaptation to living on land?
a) external fertilization
b) warm blooded
c) breathing with gills
d) the shelled egg

44.) gills : fish ::
a) skin : reptile
b) blood vessels : circulation
c) tree : plant
d) lungs : mammal

45.) The placental mammals are animals that
a) nurse their young with milk
b) have body hair
c) give birth to live young
d) all of the above

46.) A protist may be
a) unicellular and heterotrophic
b) unicellular and autotrophic
c) multicellular and autotrophic
d) all of the above

47.) The kingdom protista includes
a) the paramecium
b) the ameba
c) algae
d) all of the above

48.) dinoflagellates : flagella ::
a) amoebas : flowing protoplasm
b) paramecium : flagella
c) euglena : cilia
d) sporozoan : flagella

49.) All the members of the animal kingdom
a) are heterotrophs
b) are multicellular
c) have cells without cell walls
d) all of the above

50.) Radially symmetrical phyla include all of the following except
a) jellyfish
b) spider
c) hydra
d) sponges

51.) In some animals, ganglia at the anterior end of the animal serve as a primitive
a) eye
b) brain
c) ear
d) mouth

52.) Mammals, as well as birds
a) have teeth
b) are warm blooded
c) are sessile
d) all of the above

53.) Unlike reptiles, mammalian young are dependant on parental care for
a) food
b) protection
c) learning
d) all of the above

54.) Mammals whose offspring remain inside the mother until development is complete are called
a) placental mammals
b) monotremes
c) marsupials
d) all of the above

55.) The placental mammals are animals that
a) nurse their young with milk
b) have body hair
c) give birth to live young
d) all of the above

56.) Mammals that lay eggs are
a) placental mammals
b) pouched mammals
c) monotremes
d) semi-pouched mammals.

57.) Kangaroos and opossums are
a) marsupials
b) monotremes
c) macroscelidea
d) placentals

58.) Reptiles
a) are cold blooded
b) have a body covering of scales
c) have bilateral summetry
d) all of the above

59.) Reptiles respire (breathe) through
a) gills
b) lungs
c) their skin
d) spiracles

60.) Generally, fishes obtain oxygen through their
a) skin
b) lungs
c) gills
d) mantles

61.) The evolution of which a tadpole turns into a frog is called
a) the asexual reproduction of a frog
b) metamorphosis of a frog
c) evolution of a frog
d) synapsis of a frog

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