1) Edward Chace Tolman was an American psychologist who made significant contributions to the study of learning and motivation. How can this information be applied to schools and vocational training?
2) Albert Bandura is an expert on observational learning. What are the implications for raising children considering Bandura's theory?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com September 21, 2018, 12:23 am ad1c9bdddf - https://brainmass.com/biology/dna-chromosomes-and-genomes/bandura-s-and-tolman-s-theories-407604
1) Edward Chace Tolman created a Cognitive theory of learning while he was studying at Berkley. This theory of learning stated that learning developed from segments of knowledge and cognitions about the environment and how the organism relates to it. To study learning Tolman examined the role that reinforcement plays in the way that rats learn their way through complex mazes. These experiements eventually led to the theory of latent learning which describes learning that occurs in the absence of an obvious reward.
Tolman proposed that organisms develop cognitive maps of their environments. They learn where different parts of the environment are situated in relation to each other.This information can be applied to schools and vocational training in the sense that students can be taught to use thinking to learn, in order to help them to learn how to be problem solvers. Students are taught to apply their prior knowledge to develop an understsnding of new concepts.
The concept of latent learning ...
The theories of Albert Bandura and Edward Chace Tolman are assessed in this solution.