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    Deepwater Horizon and Restoration Efforts

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    Investigate the role of restoration in the response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Where in the overall process of the response does restoration play a role? Who is responsible for it? What is the NOAA's role? For your second post, read some of the proposed strategies by clicking on the icons on the map provided at http://www.gulfspillrestoration.noaa.gov/restoration/early-restoration/early-restoration-projects-atlas/. Comment on whether or not you think restoration is necessary, and what you think will work. Please a min of 250+ words and provide any additional references used.

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    Solution Preview

    Below I have explained in details the restoration efforts by BP. The various approaches & initiatives that have been undertaken so far. Also explained is NOAA's role in restoration of the damage caused by the Deepwater Horizon accident.Please take out what's relevant for your questions. Please go through the references, you'll get lots of additional information.

    HISTORY: (Deepwater Horizon - BP Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill)
    The oil-drilling rig Deepwater Horizon on April 20, 2010, which was operating in the Macondo Prospect in the Gulf of Mexico experienced an explosion which resulted in the death of 11 crew members. This spill is the largest in the world, accounts for approximately 4.9 billion barrels of oil being leaked out from the Macondo well. The leakage continued for 87 days and finally on July 15, 2010 it was capped.

    Planning of restoration activities started on October 2010 once the damage and injury to natural resources was confirmed.
    It will take several years for planning and implementation of restoration activities. Restoration will require integration and analysis of multiple types of information which include measures and comparisons of the ecological, biological, geophysical, chemical, and oceanographic conditions in the Gulf, both pre- and post-spill, and/or modeling of conditions where pre- and/or post-spill information is not available.
    In addition to clean-up of the spilled oil that might benefit the marine mammals, restoration activities would also include making an estimate of the stock of marine mammals and also restoration efforts should try to minimize human-related risk factors in the Gulf, such as noise from seismic surveys, vessel traffic, sonar and military activities; fishery interactions; disturbance from tourism and illegal feeding; harmful algal blooms and anoxic zones.

    Early restoration projects by British Petroleum (BP):
    The oil giant British Petroleum (BP) which is responsible for this spill has signed an agreement with state and federal trustees, where BP has willingly ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution gives a brief history of the famous Deepwater Horizon - BP Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill and describes some of the restoration efforts that have been undertaken so far. Also mentioned in the article is the role of The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in response to this oil spill.