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    Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells compared

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    There are two main types of cells: prokaryotic and eukaryotic.

    1. Bacterial cells are prokaryotic. Choose two structures of bacterial cells and explain how these structures allow bacteria to function as unicellular organisms.

    2. There are many examples of eurkaryotic cells. Algae, Fungi, Plants, and Animals are all composed of eurkaryotic cells. Some algae and fungi are unicellular organisms, but other algae and fungi, and all plants and animals are multicellular organisms that are composed of specialized eukaryotic cells that interact to support the life of the multicellular organism.

    Choose either a plant or an animal cell. Describe two structures of the cell and how these function to support both the function of the cell and overall life (function) of a plant or animal organism.

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    Solution Preview

    First of all it is important to understand the differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells in their structures and functions. The guides for your questions are as follows.

    1. A bacterial cell has five important structural components: chromosome (DNA), ribosomes, plasma membrane, cell wall, and some kind of surface layer which may be an integral part of the cell wall.
    Unlike eukaryotes, bacteria don't have intracellular organelles for energy producing processes such as respiration or photosynthesis. Instead, the cytoplasmic membrane carries out these functions. The membrane is the location of electron transport systems used to produce energy during photosynthesis and respiration, and it is the ...

    Solution Summary

    The structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells are compared and how the structure supports the function of the cell and overall life of the organism.