The Renaissance was a rebirth of Greek and Roman culture, both of which placed the human at the center of the universe. Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa and Michelangelo's Ceiling from the Sistine Chapel are two famous artworks from the Renaissance that both reflect and respond to the resurgence of humanism in European history. Both depict the human body, but in very different ways. For this case assignment, give a formal analysis of these two artworks, focusing on how the human body is being represented. Use the required course materials to help you discuss, briefly, (1) the history of Renaissance art and these two artists in particular, (2) what humanism is, and (3) how Da Vinci and Michelangelo approach the representation of the human body differently. (*You can focus on any or all of the fresco paintings on Michelangelo's ceiling; The Creation of Adam being the most famous.)
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First of all, you might define humanism as the Renaissance movement that tended to strongly rediscover and celebrate the Latin and Greek classics. This genre also emphasized "...the dignity of humanity, and that humanists shifted intellectual emphasis off of theology and logic to specifically human studies" (http://faculty.uml.edu/CulturalStudies/Italian_Renaissance/8_9.htm), as critics proclaim.
As you then briefly overview the history of Renaissance art overall, these two artists reiterate how many of the Italian Renaissance artists became anatomists. In other words, "...they attempted to refine a more lifelike, sculptural portrayal of the human figure. Indeed, until about 1500-1510, their investigations surpassed much of the knowledge of anatomy that was taught at the universities" ...
The renaissance art history is provided.