Explore BrainMass

A Complete Overview of the Middle Ages and Gothic Art

1. During the Gothic times the importance of a town was measured by
a. the number of churches constructed in it
b. the population of wealthy families
c. the height and size of its cathedral
d. the amount of commerce it conducts

2. The pointed arch in Gothic architecture was created
a. as a rebellion against Romanesque style
b. to give the structure more stability
c. because it pointed more toward heaven
d. by an architectural accident

3. The curriculum of the cathedral schools included all of the following EXCEPT
a. grammar
b. arithmetic
c. music
d. poetry

4. The most prominent windows of the Cathedral of Notre Dame (the 47' lancets) were
a. given by the various guilds
b. created by world renowned architects
c. taken from older Romanesque churches
d. added to the cathedral many years after its completion

5. The art of stained glass was the result of the development of
a. the invention of glass
b. mosaics and mural paintings
c. lost prehistoric arts
d. a Roman art form

6. In addition to the traditional string and wind instruments, this period introduced
a. the piano
b. the harpsichord
c. the organ
d. the violin

7. The subject of many of the new hymns as well as the iconography of sculpture and stained glass
a. the Virgin
b. the saints
c. Christ
d. church fathers

8. A dualism in the arts created what conflict for artists?
a. expressing their feelings vs the church's ideas
b. working anonymously vs worldly recognition
c. choosing subject matter of this world vs eternity
d. all of these

9. Scholasticism was a way of thinking that
a. pushed for education of all people in the ways of the church
b. tried to explain religion with logic
c. only allowed educated people to enter the cathedrals
d. restore the ideas of the Romans to the Christians

10. Medieval churches were
a. used exclusively by the clergy and mobility
b. financed exclusively by clergy and nobility
c. also used for secular purposes
d. usually built over several decades

Solution Preview

In order to give you the ability to answer your multiple choice questions, I will give you background information on the Gothic period in art and the Middle Ages. After reading over the information, you should be able to answer all of your multiple choice questions.

Lets begin with the history of stained glass, since several of your questions focus on this aspect of art. Stained glass was first used by wealthy Romans in the first century A.D. It was used in their homes and palaces. It was considered to be a luxury, rather than an art form. It did not gain prominence as "art" until the rule of Constantine in 313 A.D. It was then used in churches and cathedrals, and given the title of "art form."

The subject matter of stained glass and sculpture during the Gothic period was spiritual. The particular agenda was in humanizing the figure of Christ. The artists wanted to emphasize the importance of Christ on Earth. The biggest conflict for artists was in interpreting their feelings and ideas about Christ, vs. the church's definition of Christ incarnate.

The overarching representations of Gothic ...

Solution Summary

The work gives a concise, yet thorough overview of life in the Middle Ages as well as descriptions of Gothic art and architecture.