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Anthropology: Explanation of behaviors of male chimpanzees

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Describe the life history strategies of male chimpanzees in terms of feeding, relationships with males within and outside the natal community, coalitions with other males, infanticide and other forms of competition over mating, and defense of the community territory and females? What factors influence male chimpanzee cooperation and conflict?

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Most of the details I have listed below are adapted from information found in Evolution and Prehistory: The Human Challenge by Haviland.

Feeding - Chimpanzees hold a unique place in the realm of great ape feeding in that they tend to consume more meat than other great apes. While primarily existing on fruit and other folivorous material that is gathered independently of other group members, male chimpanzees will occasionally hunt small monkeys and other animals. Cooperation is important to ensure a successful kill, and the meat is shared amongst the male members that participated in the hunt. Additionally, males can use meat as a type of high quality resource to foster coalitions amongst other males by sharing it with members that did not participate in the hunt. A successful hunt can also have sexual implications for male chimpanzees, as females often beg for ...

Solution Summary

An overview of male chimpanzee behaviors with specific examples. The focus of this 500+ word entry is on feeding, defense, mating, reconciliation and coalitionary killing.

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