Explore BrainMass
Share

Anthropology Multiple Choice Questions

This content was STOLEN from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

1. Which of the following is characteristic of the anthropological approach?
a. an emphasis on biological explanations of cultural variation
b. ethnocentrism
c. an emphasis on shared customs and institutions
d. an emphasis on the individual
e. all of the above

2. Anthropologists generally consider cultural elements to be __________ in nature.
a. technological
b. artistic
c. material
d. symbolic
e. innate

3. The attempt to evaluate and understand a custom in the context of the meaning system and morality of the culture in which it is present is called:
a. ethnocentrism
b. ethnography
c. cultural ecology
d. cultural relativism
e. the etic approach

4. The practice of understanding and evaluating a custom in the context of one's own culture is called:
a. ethnocentrism
b. ethnography
c. cultural ecology
d. cultural relativism
e. the etic approach

5. Which statement about the relationship between environment and human behaviour best summarizes the anthropological approach
a. Human behaviour can be understood as a biological conditioned response to environmental stimulate
b. Human behaviour can be understood as a direct response to environmental conditions and stimulae.
c. Human behaviour can be understood as a culturally conditioned response to environmental stimulae.
d. Human behaviour can be understood without any reference to environmental conditions at all.

6. Which statement about human races best summarizes anthropological findings?
a. Popular racial categories are biologically significant units of anthropological analysis
b. Popular racial categories need to be further refined to formulate biologically significant units
c. Popular racial categories are socio-cultural constructs of no potential biological significance.
d. Popular racial categories have no biological or socio-cultural significance.

7. Which statement about the evolution of culture and the human brain is the most accurate
a. Evidence of cultural behaviour does not appear until human brain size attained its current dimensions
b. Evidence of cultural behaviour appears soon after an initial spurt in brain size growth.
c. Evidence of cultural behaviour appears immediately before an initial spurt in brain size growth
d. Human brain sizes can be expected to increase dramatically in the wake of the recent "information revolution."

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 24, 2018, 10:02 pm ad1c9bdddf
https://brainmass.com/anthropology/society-and-culture/146400

Solution Preview

1. Which of the following is characteristic of the anthropological approach?

a. an emphasis on biological explanations of cultural variation
b. ethnocentrism
c. an emphasis on shared customs and institutions
d. an emphasis on the individual
e. all of the above

A cultural anthropologist studies human societies and cultures. They do not study human biology (a physical or biological anthropologist does). There is an emphasis on the group or community, rather than on the individual.

Ethnocentrism is the belief that one society (usually one's own) is superior to another, a belief that cultural anthropologists do not hold.

The answer is c.

2. Anthropologists generally consider cultural elements to be __________ in nature.

a. technological
b. artistic
c. material
d. symbolic
e. innate

Cultural elements include social structure, traditions, religion, art, norms, morals, ideas, knowledge, and technology, among other things. They do not have to be material or technological. While the motivations for using and creating cultural elements may be innate, anthropologists consider the elements ...

$2.19
See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Qualitative biology questions: different kinds of research methods in anthropology, qualitative and quantitative research, philosophy

See attached file for full problem description.

1. The research question "What is the meaning of the lived experience?" is used in:
A. Ethnography
B. Phenomenology

2. Data collection for phenomenological research is done through:
A. Questionnaires
B. Interviews and observation methods

3. A process whereby data are analyzed by comparing data with other data as they are acquired during research is called constant comparative analysis. This method is used in:
A. Grounded theory research
B. Historical research

4. The qualitative approach that considers an idea or issue from all perspectives through an extensive exploration of the literature is called:
A. Philosophical inquiry
B. Quantitative analysis

5. The approach of understanding the 'natives' view of their world as an outsider is called:
A. Emic
B. Etic

6. Parse and Watson used what type of method for their qualitative analysis?
A. Ethnography
B. Phenomenology

7. The outcome of grounded theory method is to arrive at theory.
A. True
B. False

8. Which research method compiles data and facts regarding people, events and occurrences of the past?
A. Historical
B. Ethnographic

9. People who have special knowledge about a culture and are willing to share with an ethnographer are called:
A. Informants
B. Participant/observers

10. The process of identifying meaning of human experiences through intensive discussion with persons who are living the experience is called:
A. Case study research
B. Phenomenological research

11. Phenomenological research may investigation "being in time."
A. True B. False

12. Quantitative research uses
A. Inductive reasoning
B. Deductive reasoning

13. Qualitative research uses
A. Inductive reasoning
B. Deductive reasoning

14. A typical number of participants in a qualitative study is:
A. Large
B. Small

15. Which method of research focuses on descriptions of cultural groups?
A. Ethnography
B. Case study

16. An investigation of a phenomenon by a few participants to discover meaning is called:
A. Phenomenology
B. Philosophical Inquiry

17. Phenomenology has its philosophical basis in:
A. Science
B. Philosophy

18. Ethnography has its foundation in:
A. History
B. Anthropology

19.Grounded theory has its base in:
A. Symbolic Interaction theory
B. Heideggarian theory

20. List three reasons why qualitative research is suited for health care and human experience.

View Full Posting Details