# Using SPSS

I'm not sure you can help me, but here is the problems that I have to have answered by next week. I don't have the SPSS DATA yet, so you will have to respond in general terms. The textbook we are using is Research Methods &Statistics 7th edition by Healey. And we are supposed to use the software to solve these problems SPSS 12.0 VERSION

2.2 GET FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTIONS FOR THE TWO VARIABLES (DEGREE AND EDU) THAT MEASURE EDUCATION. USE THE RECODE TO COLLAPSE EDUC INTO THE CATEGORIES COMPARABLE TO DEGREE. THAT IS USE THE CATEGORIES 0-11 FOR LESS THAN HIGH SCHOOL, 12 FOR HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES AND 17-20 FOR GRADUATE DEGREES. GET A FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION FOR RECODED EDUC AND COMPARE IT TO THE FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION FOR DEGREE. DESCRIBE THE THREE FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTIONS IN A FEW SENTENCES.

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#### Solution Preview

I've included my solution here, and have also appended it to your original file that you attached to your posting. They contain identical information, but the attachment has some formatting that has been deleted here, so it may be easier for you to use.

I'm not sure how much help you expect, given that you don't have the data set yet, but I'll tell you how to do this, step-by-step, so that when you get the data, you should just be able to follow these instructions.

Recoding

1. 'Recode' is a command under 'Transform' on the main menu at the top of your data set. So you want to choose 'Transform', then 'Recode', and then 'Into different variables'.

2. Once you've selected that, you'll be given a list of variables in a window on the right. Select EDU and move it into the right window (using the arrow button). Then type EDURECODE or something like that in the 'Output variable: Name' box. With this step, you're telling the program you want to create a new variable (ie. EDURECODE) that is based on an old variable (ie. EDU).

3. Now you need to tell it what the old values will be changed into. Click on the 'Old and new values' button. Under 'Old value', click on the 'Range' circle, and enter 0 through 11. Under 'New value', in the 'Value' box, type in 1 (or whatever number you wish to use - it's arbitrary), then click ...

#### Solution Summary

Explains how to recode variables in SPSS. Explains how to create and interpret frequency diagrams using SPSS.