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Does correlation equal causation?

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I am not understanding how to do this question as I am still trying to grasp an understanding of the material. I came across these questions at the end of the chapter:

1) Does correlation equal causation? Why or why not?

2). What is the relationship between correlation and association?

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Solution Preview

Here is some background information to derive answers to your questions.
Correlation Analysis Regression Analysis
(a) In correlation analysis, we calculate the correlation coefficient which is a measure of the degree of covariablity between X and Y
(b) Correlation is merely a tool to ascertain the degree of relationship between X and Y. We can not assign cause and effect relationship between
X and ...

Solution Summary

The solution discusses if correlation equals causation. The relationship between correlation and association is also explored.