Read the data from the fictitious research study regarding diabetes and alcohol consumption, and analyze and interpret the results.
The study investigated the effect of drinking alcohol on the risk of diabetes in women. The participants in the study were classified either as alcohol drinkers (any amount of consumption) or non-drinkers. The study team then followed both groups over four years to find out the occurrence of diabetes.
The study focused on women aged 50â?"59 years. 20,427 of the women were alcohol drinkers, while 9,870 women were non-drinkers. During the 4-year follow-up, 156 cases of diabetes developed among alcohol drinkers, while 125 cases of diabetes developed among non-drinkers. Prepare a study report by answering the following questions:
1.Describe the study design.
2.Create a 2 x 2 table to represent the data.
3.Identify the most appropriate measure of strength of the association in this study. Explain your choice.
4.Calculate the measure of strength of the association using the 2 x 2 table.
5.Interpret the result.
Calculate the measure of strength of the association using the 2 x 2 table.