What are advantages and disadvantages when using ANOVA method to analyze data?
ANOVA is a very broadly applicable analysis. Since there are several different forms of the analysis, you can use it when you are looking for differences between two or more groups, with one or more independent variable, and/or with repeated measures (within-subjects) independent variables. This breadth is a major advantage of the design.
I'm not sure that they really qualify as disadvantages, but to use ANOVA, your data need to meet some requirements. The data must be normally distributed, ...
Explains the advantages and disadvantages of ANOVA, including assumptions of the model.