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# One way ANOVA

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WEB CALCULATOR EXERCISE 5

ANOVAs

1. A researcher is interested in comparing the effectiveness of three different kinds of therapy for anger problems. Eight participants are randomly assigned to three treatment conditions: Cognitive Therapy (CT), Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), and Interpersonal Therapy (IT). All participants complete the weekly treatment for 8 weeks. Participants take an anger test before and after the 8-week treatments. Each participant's difference score (= anger score after the treatment minus (-) anger score before the treatment) is shown in the following table. The three therapists in this experiment have equal educational levels and clinical experiences.

CT CBT IT
3 5 7
4 4 8
4 6 9
4 6 10
3 5 6
8 4 7
6 9 11
2 7 10

a. What statistical test should be used to analyze the data?
b. Identify H0 and Ha for this study.
c. Conduct the appropriate analysis.
d. Should H0 be rejected? What should the researcher conclude?

2. A teacher is interested in comparing the effects of three different types of rehearsal methods (Rote rehearsal, Imagery, and Story) on number of words recalled. Participants are randomly assigned into three different groups. In each group, participants are asked to study a list of words using the assigned method. The following table shows the result.

Rote rehearsal Imagery Story
5 5 7
5 4 6
4 6 8
6 7 9
5 7 6
4 6 9
3 8 8
5 5 10
6 7 9

a. What statistical test should be used to analyze the data?
b. Identify H0 and Ha for this study.
c. Conduct the appropriate analysis.
d. Should H0 be rejected? What should the researcher conclude?
e. If there is a significant difference, conduct the post hoc test.

3. A professor is interested in whether there is a difference in counseling students' statistics competency scores among 1) those who have never taken any statistics course, 2) those who have only taken an undergraduate statistics course, 3) those who have taken COUN 503, and 4) those who have taken an advanced statistic course while working on a Ph. D. The professor gathers information from a random sample of students and obtains the statistics competency scores. The scores are normally distributed.

1) 2) 3) 4)
7 11 13 15
6 11 14 14
8 10 15 15
5 12 12 15
4 13 13 10
4 15 13 15

a. What statistical test should be used to analyze these data?
b. Identify H0 and Ha for this study.
c. Conduct the appropriate analysis.
d. Should H0 be rejected? What should the researcher conclude?

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#### Solution Summary

Step by step method for computing test statistic for One way ANOVA is given in the answer.

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