How has china built up a huge industrial infrastructure that produces wealth for the country but also creates the vast gap in incomes that the communists were going to abolish? Does it seem likely that, as China grows more prosperous, there will be greater demands for respect of civil rights and political freedoms? Will the power monopoly of the communist party eventually erode?
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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
The China Paradox
Political analysts and economists alike call the wealth creation of China, a Maoist-Communist form of government as paradoxical. The Maoist Revolution of the 20th Century sought to wipe out all objectives and processes related to commerce, democratic free markets and wealth creation. The Maoist idea of equality under Party leadership upon establishment of power went on to control all state-apparatuses of social, political, economic and even religious aspects of living. Commerce and any commercial wealth-creation activity that were deemed to enrich only the self and the few were labelled unacceptable, endangering Maoist ideals. Slowly though, over the last few decades, China turned itself towards answering the low-cost labour needs of the globalizing world and the former backwaters of Hongkong - areas like Shenzen & Guangzhou, became centers of mass production where Chinese labourers from all over the country flocked to work at ever growing factories, that, while under 'Party Control' created massive wealth for their owners, partners and even labourers. As wealth creation grew real-estate boomed and demand for varied products and services from the masses to the newly minted rich grew. Luxury housing estates sprawled all over key cities and suburbs just as low-cost housing and the slums developed. The key, supposedly towards the development of all China where social equality is the motto of ...
The solution comes in the form of a 976-word essay that discusses the form of socialist/communist adapted capitalism that has driven the Chinese economy in the last decade to unprecedented levels of growth. Civil Rights and political freedoms in said atmosphere is discussed especially in relation to the country's growing awareness and prosperity. Income Gaps and the effects of state-sponsored industrialization in widening purchasing capacities is also discussed. References are provided for the purpose of expansion. A word version of the solution is attached for easy printing.