Are U.S. categories of gay, lesbian, transexual, transgender third genders? Why or why not? What are the differences/similarities between these U.S. concepts and some of the third/fourth gender categories in other cultures? Is all this variation marking the "end of gender"?
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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
American Gender Standards & Global Gender Perspectives
The manner of gender categorization in the West, especially in the US is seen by many as the 'standard' modern definition of gender socially, legally and politically with gender being a social classifying system. Sex is the biological natural attribute of a human being according to the sex organs and chromosomes he/she is endowed from birth. Girls are born with the female chromosomes and the female sex organ. Boys are born with the male chromosomes and the male sex organ. Sex is according to the biological attributes of a person and this is without the element of 'socialization' or influence of 'nurture' & 'culture' entering the equation. By nature human beings are either female or male (with the exception of the biological phenomenon of hermaphrodites - human beings born with both the male & female organs). Gender on the other hand is a socio-psychological term determined by socialization (nurture), biological and psychological factors. Gender then is dependent on cultural values and social traditions. Therefore it is natural to expect that non-Western cultures will have their own ideas and perspectives on sex and gender influenced by their histories, religion and beliefs. In the US, the categories of gay, lesbian, transsexual, transgender are not considered to be 'legal sex' representations but socially, their acceptance as a sexual orientation has been politically accepted. The rights endowed people who find themselves in this ...
The solution is a 1,064-word essay that discusses current American gender categories with a focus on what is labelled as the third gender. This is then compared with 3rd/4th gender categories from cultures and perspectives outside of America (i.e. Thai, Philippine and Indian 3rd gender perspectives) to discuss the question of gender concept variation. The essay follows the APA format. references, both web and print are listed. A word-version of the solution is attached for easy printing.
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