Could you please help me understand the eight characteristics of science? I.e. empirical, systematic, theoretical, provisional, public, objective, self-reflective, and open-ended process. What are differences and similarities?
Empirical, in science, focuses on disregarding theory and relying instead on practical experience. This means that theorizing or hypothesizing about a scientific solution is not acceptable; that the experiment has to be actually conducted in order to prove results and come to a conclusion.
Theoretical relates to theory (which is the opposite of empirical). This is the area of science that speculates a theory and hypothesizes its results without (or before) conducting the experiment. This characteristic of science is strictly restricted to theory and not practical (which is seen a lot in sciences such as physics).
Provisional is the scientific characteristic that states nothing in science is ever final. This means that science has the ability to ...
The characteristics of science in empirical, systematic and open-ended processes are determined. The differences and similarities are provided.