I writing a paper where I am a criminologist advisor to a member of the state legislature. The legislature soon votes on a bill that would double the maximum prison term for anyone convicted of armed robbery. My boss knows the bill is popular, but wonders if it will do much good. What recommendations would I make? What are the reasons for my recommendation?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 2:56 am ad1c9bdddf
Hello. The solution below should get you started. This solution is based on general information so if you want to make your final paper course specific, may I advise that you review your current materials and quote or cite from it to emphasize points. Good luck and thank you for using Brainmass.
OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
Legislating New Laws - The case for double term conviction: Armed Robbery
According to US FBI records, armed robbery accounts for about 30% of the violent crimes committed in the United States with victims cost at a loss averaging at least $600 million per annum. Armed robbery is a crime of theft falling under the title 'larceny' due to the use of force and threat of force. Hence at times, suspects are charged with 'larceny and theft' plus 'robbery' with robbery carrying heavier punishment. Each state have their own law affecting sentencing of the guilty in the case of armed robbery. In the case of armed robbery, since there is an element of 'taking property' from the victim whether personal (robbery at gun point of a family-run convenient store) or corporate (robbery at gun point of a bank) - the threat of force terrorising victims to give in to demands of the robber, with his/her/their life/lives at risk because of certain items or property desired by the robber/robbers, being in the presence of robbers willing to use violence if necessary, the traumatic and social implications of the act of armed robbery is immense upon the victims and society in general. It is always the case, as with armed robbery (use of guns, knives and other deadly weapons) that the possibility of homicide as an escalation of the crime is committed. According to DC Criminal Defense Lawyer David Benowitz (2010), "...the essential elements of armed robbery are: 1) the taking of property of some value from someone against that person's will; 2) from that person's immediate actual possession or from their person; 3) by force or violence, putting that person in fear, or by sudden or stealthy seizure or snatching; 4) taking the property away; 5) without right to the property, and with the specific intent to steal it; 5) while armed."Consider this case (simulated as a police report, although based on several similar events) below:
Santa Barbara Police Department, State of California
Incident Report: Bank Robbery with Homicide at Amherst & Main
Incident Report Number: 08-00012
Name of Business: Bank of America
Date of Occurrence: Thursday, July 3, 2008
Time of Occurrence: between10:00 and 10:10 AM, just after opening hours
Contact Telephone: 0175587702
Description of Event:
At around 8 am Bank manager Julian Davis arrived to prepare the bank for opening. ...
The solution is a 1,765 word paper that provides a sample simulated case review of an Armed Robbery incident. The detailed simulation becomes the backdrop of a criminological review of the maximization of prison terms of cases classified as armed robbery. Simulating the viewpoint of a criminologist advising on Prison term Policy in relation to armed robbery, the author provides arguments and related recommendations in relation to prison term policy and voting for related state legislature bills on armed robbery. References are listed fo expansion and the word version is also attached for easy printing.
Policing programs to reduce armed robberies by the homeless
Newly appointed Police Chief Alexandra Delatorre of the Anytown Police Department (APD) has been attending several town and city council meetings whereby she has heard numerous complaints about the increase in armed robberies being committed by the local transients (Homeless people) in and near the Anytown Gallery Shopping Mall. Chief Delatorre checked with the crime analysis unit of the department to obtain information on the crime statistics for robberies in the area of the shopping mall. The crime analysis unit determined that there was 75% increase in the number of robberies between 2009 and 2011. The chief attended a meeting with the shopping mall executives and learned that there had been a steady increase in the number of businesses leaving the mall, which served as major sources for employment and revenue for the city.
One week ago, Chief Delatorre drove to the shopping mall one evening at 9:30 p.m., before the mall was about to close, and discovered that several sections of the subterranean multilevel parking lot had poor lighting and no security gate that secured the parking area, and the guard shack was in an obscure portion of the first level and appeared to not have been used for quite some time. She also found what appeared to be small "camps" of blankets, trash, old and dirty clothes, and metal shopping carts that belonged to different local grocery stores in the far corners of the parking lot on the lower two levels. There was also a very strong odor of urine in the area of the "camps."
Chief Delatorre has convened you and your team to make recommendations on addressing the problem of the robberies at the shopping mall. She wants to implement a program using the community-oriented policing (COP) philosophy. She has several specific areas that need to be considered for the COP program to reduce or even eliminate the robberies at the shopping mall. She would like to give the program a name. You are to compose a written memo that addresses the following:
- What social forces exist within the above assignment scenario? Describe and explain.
- How should the department prepare for the program, and who should be involved? Explain.
- What types of social or special interest groups should be included? Why are they important to this program? How
might they affect the final product?
- Gathering information
- What information (Data, facts, statistics, etc.) would need to be gathered to start the program design? Explain.
- Consider at least race, age, gender, social class, and public opinion in your response.
- How will this COP program impact the daily operations of the APD? Explain.
- How will the program affect the organizational culture of the department? Explain.
- How will the community members be involved? Explain.
- How will the program extend to members of a multicultural community?
- Consider religion, ethnicity, customs, etc.
- How will media relations be considered with regard to the program? Explain.
- How might the activities and influence of the media affect the success of the program? Explain.
- When should the program begin?
- Who will be involved?
- What special activities would need to be in place to implement the COP program?
- What initial monitoring and evaluation would need to take place after the implementation?
- Evaluation and monitoring
- What feedback should be obtained, and from whom? Explain.
- How should the program be assessed for continued effectiveness?
In a time of economic decline, how would you address poverty-stricken populations in your COP program? Explain.
What challenges exist with regard to this population, and how might it impact your program? Explain.
Considering the possibility of a terrorist attack, how would you address the fear instilled in the general population? Explain.View Full Posting Details