What detailed parallels are observed between Peter and Paul in the Book of Acts? What possible outline does the Book present?
Many parallels between Peter and Paul could be found in the book of Acts. As you already know, Acts of the Apostles is considered the second book of Luke, the Evangelist. We have similar themes in both the Gospel and the Acts. Luke believed that God's love and salvation are for all mankind. At 1:8, it states: "But you will receive the power of the Holy Spirit which will come on you, and then you will be my witnesses not only in Jerusalem but throughout Judaea and Samaria, and indeed to earth's remotest end" (cf. Luke 24:47). The rest of the book sees the Church empathetically carrying out this mission. The preaching was done by the Apostles, and their coworkers. Nevertheless, two major characters occupied dominants roles in this preaching: Peter and Paul. Peter occupied outstandingly the first twelve chapters of the book and reappeared again in chapter 15, while Paul, as from chapter 13 onwards till the end of the book, will be a constant and indefatigable character; though he appeared first in ...
The first half of the Book of Acts (Acts 1-12), dealing with the beginnings of the Church in and around Jerusalem, focuses roughly on the leadership of Peter (and John), while the second half (Acts 13-28), dealing with the expansion of the Church into non-Jewish areas of the Roman Empire, focuses on the activities of (Barnabas and) Paul; but there is some overlap between these two apostles:
* Paul (still named Saul before 13:9) is introduced as early as 7:58, and also mentioned in 8:1-3; 9:1-30; 11:25-30.
* Peter (also called Simon in 10:17-18, 32 and Simeon in 15:14) is still a key player in the "Council of Jerusalem" (15:1-35), although the leadership of James in the Jerusalem church is already evident by this time (15:13-21; cf. 21:18).