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Suicide Intervention Model

Can you provide me with an overview of how someone who is not a health professional and who has no suicide intervention training might help when faced with a situation where someone is suicidal?

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Hello,

you have asked for a brief outline of how a non-professional might intervene in a crissis situation where someone is threatening suicide.

There are three main progress zones when dealing with a person who may or may not be suicidal. These zones are as follows:

1. Connecting

In order to help someone, you must first make a connection with that person. Whether they are someone you know or a complete stranger, you will be unable to help them if you do not connect with them. You can connect with a person who is thinking of suicide by looking for invitations from them to talk about what they are thinking. There are 4 invitation categories.

a) Actions:
Giving away posessions
withdrawl (family, friends, school, work)
Loss of interest in hobbies
Abuse of alcohol, drugs
Reckless behavior
Extreme behavior changes
Impulsivity
Self-mutilation

b) Feelings:
Desperate
Angry
Guilty
Worthless
Lonely
Sad
Hopeless
Helpless

c) Thoughts
"I won't be needing these things anymore"
"I can't do anything right"
I just can't keep my thoughts straight anymore"
I just can't take it anymore"
"I wish I was dead"
"Everyone will be better off without me"
"All of my problems will ends soon"
"No one can help me now"
"Now I know what 'they' were going through"

d) Physical
Lack of interest in appearance
Change or loss of interest in sex
Disturbed sleep
Change or loss of appetite or weight
physical health complaints

2. Understanding

After a connection is made with a person who is at risk of suicide, you can move on to the next zone, which is beginning to understand the person at risk. This is where you start asking questions. You have by this point ...

Solution Summary

This solution offers a brief outline of how a non-professional might intervene in a crissis situation where someone is threatening suicide.

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