1. A brief review of the theories of cognitive psychology and their applications to learning and instruction.
2. A discussion of how cognitive psychology can mitigate prejudice in the creation of high-stakes academic competency test items.
3. A discussion of how cognitive psychology can mitigate stereotyping in the creation of high-stakes academic competency test items.
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Jean Piaget was the first psychologist to entertain the notion of cognitive development. He fostered an image of development that initiated the stages of growth. There are sectors and applications of the cognitive psychological realm that include abnormal psychology, social psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, and personality psychology. "According to this research, largely conducted using college student samples, negative cultural stereotypes about the performance of certain demographic groups can actually depress the performance of examinees belonging to those groups" (Jordan & Lovett, 2007, p. 46).
The inclusion of the theories ...
This solution explores the stereotyping and prejudices that exist in high-stakes testing by explaining the methods of rectifying through cognitive psychology.