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On Pessimism and Optimism in relation to Global Unity

I need help in explaining both pessimistic and optimistic perspectives on global unity. Where do you weigh in on this issue and why?

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Dear Student,
Hi and thank you for using Brainmass. The solution below should get you started. This is a very interesting subject as it shows the application of psychological principles to the social world in a universal (global) manner. This is about opinion so I suggest using this simple outline:

1. About the Terms - 150 words
2. Background (Theory) - 100 words
3. Opinion - 100 words

This should provide you with a concise 350 words, a short essay. It's important to add theory to the mix as it will show that you are applying abstract psychological concepts to social issues - the value of social psychological. You can use the listed resources for further exploration of the topic. Just let me know via the feedback section if you need further clarification. All the best with your studies.

AE 105878/Xenia Jones


Dean (2011) suggests that we can divide people in their manner of social/worldviews into these 3 categories - optimists, pessimists and realists. If we take away the realists, optimists and pessimists are poles apart, the former are hopeful, 'full of fantastic plans' about a better future and the pessimists full of worry, their minds working out the ways things can go wrong where the latter see the former as 'being out of touch' in this 'cruel world'. These of course are the ways in which these 2 groups view reality - while the former look at the world positively, the other filter the stimulus of reality by attaching negative meanings. All these have been based on their socialization, likely on their social cognitive learning histories.

Theoretical Background

If we look at theories applicable to these views, we can look at the work of Albert Bandura & Julian Rotter (Boundless, 2014). Bandura's Social Learning Theory ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) of discussing optimism and pessimism in relation to global unity from a social psychological perspective. The theories of Bandura and Rotter are addressed as it relates to motivation and worldviews. Philosophical discussions are also included, drawing from the work of Esikot. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic.