Explore BrainMass

Logical Fallacies in an Article

Find an article and give a brief overview of the issue and of the author's position on the issue. Then, identify any logical fallacies evidenced in the article and explain to what degree, if any, the fallacies might succeed in persuading an audience or in encouraging skepticism.

Solution Preview

(1) Overview

Logical fallacies occur in the mere form of statements discovered without knowledge of the subject matter of the argument (Jevon, 1912). In other words, a logical fallacy is an error in reasoning in making judgments and/or decisions. The following Op Ed is based on the early support and popularity that the disciple of psychology received in the Times editorials (Dennis, 2005.) The opinions in the article are based on the fact that psychology once had widespread popularity in newspapers, and magazines. Based on the article, prior to World War I, most psychologists distanced themselves from a public image that mistakenly identified psychology with concepts such as spiritualism, mind reading and medical health leaders. An image of psychology was depicted in which psychology was praised as offering common sense to aid with society's problems. As Dennis (2002) notes, before the World War I (1920), psychologists effort was to promote the discipline of psychology as a science rather than as a modern invention that could provide services for society's problems.

However, following World War I, according to Dennis, psychologists' popularity with regards to practical applications and social relevance was less prominent. According to Dennis, an earlier popularity of the disciple was due in large measure to psychology's success with war draftees. For example, most of the editorials between 1904 and 1916 were based on the numerous editorials by Hugo Munsterberg's social and ...

Solution Summary

This solution identifies logical fallacies in an article and discusses how and if the fallacies contribute to persuasion