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Unintended Behavior Change

Provide an example of each different behavior change tactics (e.g. - a)
1. Response cost,
2. Positive reinforcement,
3. non-contingent reinforcement,
4. Negative punishment, etc.)

Where an unwanted behavior change might occur as a result of your treatment intervention.
Using behavior analytic terms,

1) Discuss the specific tactic that was used, the target behavior, and the unwanted behavior change.
2) How could you have planned for this difference?
3) Some ethical considerations to go along with each method of change that you described?

Solution Preview

1. Provide an example of each different behavior change tactics.

a) Response cost

Response Cost is the term used for removing reinforcement for an undesirable or disruptive behavior. For instance, by removing a preferred item you decrease the likelihood that the target behavior will appear again. It is often used with a token economy, and is best used when a student understands the implications.

b) Positive reinforcement

In Skinner's (1953) concept of operant conditioning, all forms of human behavior could be explained by strengthening or weakening behavior, or by reinforcement or punishment. Efforts to change behaviors by providing rewards is referred to as positive reinforcement (Bradizza & Stasiewkz, 2009).

2. Non-contingent reinforcement

Researchers select a stimulus that is known to be a reinforcer in a given situation, and present this stimulus with a fixed or variable time schedule." The aim is to decrease some undesired behavior that is known to be maintained by the reinforcer" (Perez-Gonzaz, 2005, p. 41). The effectiveness of non-contingent reinforcement is extinction. Extinction should occur because the undesired behavior is no longer reinforced. However, the lack of reinforcement results in a decrease of behavior. The explanation provided is that based on a process of extinction the behavior is gradually ...

Solution Summary

This solution provides a discussion on untended behavior change and conditions associated with a behavioral modification plan. It includes 800 words plus sources.

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