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The Sexual Response Cycle

Please summarize each phase of the sexual response cycle for males, females, and commonalities for both males and females. Include a brief description of any sexual dysfunctions which can occur and common methods of treatment.

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1. Please summarize each phase of the sexual response cycle for males, females, and commonalities for both males and females. Include a brief description of any sexual dysfunctions which can occur and common methods of treatment.

Sexual disorder is not one disorder, but a number of different disorders under the rubrics of sexual disorder problems. Sexual disorders problems are long lasting and are related to sexual contact. The problems influence the life of a person and his or her relationships in such a way that they suffer from them and they exist in all various forms (http://web4health.info/en/answers/sex-gen-define.htm).

Phases of the Sexual Cycle

Both men and women go through all four phases, except the timing is different. Men typically reach orgasm first during intercourse, while women may take up to 15 minutes to get to the same place. This makes the likelihood of simultaneous orgasm during intercourse a rare event. (http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=51105)

Phase 1: Excitement

General characteristics of this phase, which can last from a few minutes to several hours.This phase usually begins within 10 to 30 seconds after erotic stimulation, and can last anywhere from a few minutes to many hours.

o Men: Blood flow to the genitals increases The penis becomes slightly erect. A man's nipples may also become erect. The man? testicles swell, his scrotum tightens, and he begins secreting a lubricating liquid.
o Women: Vaginal lubrication begins. The vagina expands and lengthens. The outer lips, labia minora (inner lips), clitoris and sometimes breasts begin to swell. Nipples become hardened or erect. The woman? breasts become fuller and the vaginal walls begin to swell.
o Both: Heart rate, blood pressure and breathing are all accelerated. Muscle tension increases. Skin may become flushed (blotches of redness appear on the chest and back). (http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=51105)

Phase 2: Plateau

The changes that started in the excitement phase continue to progress. General characteristics of this phase extends to the brink of orgasm, include the following:

o Men: The testes are drawn up into the scrotum. The penis becomes fully erect.

o Women: The vaginal lips become puffier. The tissues of the walls of the outer third of the vagina swell with blood, and the opening to the vagina narrows. The clitoris disappears into its hood. The inner labia (lips) change color (although it's a bit hard to notice). For women who've never had children, the lips turn from pink to bright red. In women who've had children, the color turns from bright red to deep purple.

o Both: Breathing and pulse rates quicken. Breathing, heart rate and blood pressure continue to increase. A "sex flush" may appear on the stomach, chest, shoulders, neck or face. Muscles tense in the thighs, hips, hands and buttocks, and spasms may begin. Muscle spasms may begin in the feet, face and hands. Tension in the muscles increases. ...

Solution Summary

This solution summarizes each phase of the sexual response cycle for males, females, and commonalities for both males and females. It also provides a description of the sexual dysfunctions which can occur and common methods of treatment.

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