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1. How does culture affect language acquisition?
According to Krashen (1987) and others, based on the Learning Acquisition theory, acquisition and learning are two separate processes. Whereas learning is knowing about a language (e.g. formal knowledge), language acquisition is the unconscious process that occurs when language is used in real conversation.
Culture and language acquisition are directly related and occur in parallel, so they cannot be separated. For example, when a child initially acquires language, the meanings of the words are culturally bound as they communicate with those around them. In fact, recently, second language acquisition realizes the importance of culture in teaching a second language, as well, and if the second language is to be communicated accurately to the native speakers of the second language. Culture provides the context in which language is learned, so language has a strong cultural component. In fact, Genc and Bada (2005) point out that the "interaction of language and culture has a general consensus of prominent philosophers such as Wittgenstein (1980; 1999), Saussure (1966), Foucault (1994), Dilthey (1989), Von Humboldt (1876), Adorno (1993), Davidson (1999), Quine (1980) and Chomsky" (1968)" (p. 1).
As well, Genc and Gada (2005), cite the work of Sapir (1962) and Whorf (1956), who proposed a theory based on two main premises: a) we perceive the world in terms of categories and distinctions found in our native language ...
Using peer reviewed articles, this solution explains how culture affects language acquisition. References in APA format.