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Research Reference Manual

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Use Research Reference Manual for each unit # 7 - #9, define the following terms:

Hi Mark,

Please note, follow same way as you did in solution post # 552420 follow the same format by opening the attached file in the above post #. If you are unable to open it please let me know I'll send you the same copy but you can understand better using the SAMPLE attachment file to guide you because this is strictly to be followed.

However Each Unit has to be numbered in the table created. Type into the format just as you did previously.

Kindly read these instructions for the definition of TERMS and put each in the appropriate columns;

1. Evaluate a social and behavioral studies research article from the professional literature that uses a qualitative approach according to specific criteria.
2. Create definitions for terms related to research methodology.

Article Search
Select a social and behavioral studies research article, relevant to your field or project topic, published in a professional journal that uses a qualitative approach.

UNIT # 7 Research Reference Manual

In your Research Reference Manual, define the following terms:

1. Case study.
2. Historical research.
3. Ethnography.
4. Phenomenology.
5. Grounded theory research designs.
6. Content analysis.
7. Open coding.
8. Axial coding.
9. Selective coding.
10. Pattern.
11. Category.
12. Interpretive validity.
13. Triangulation.
14. Member checking.
15. Chain of evidence.

UNIT # 8 Research Reference Manual

In your Research Reference Manual for this unit,

Define the following terms:

1. Pre-experimental.
2. True-experimental.
3. Quasi-experimental.
4. Non-experimental research.
5. Single-subject design.
6. Descriptive research designs.
7. Observational study survey research developmental design.
8. Checklist.
9. Rating scale.
10. Correlational research.
11. Ex post facto.
12. Factorial design.
13. Meta-analysis.

UNIT # 9 Research Reference Manual

In your Research Reference Manual for this unit,

Provide definitions and examples of the following terms and concepts:

1. Data analysis and interpretation.
2. Content analysis, coding, and themes.
3. Data analysis spiral.
4. Descriptive and inferential statistics.
5. Measures of central tendency, variability, and relationship.
6. Research or alternative hypothesis and null hypothesis.
7. Hypothesis testing.
8. Statistical significance.
9. P-value

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Solution Preview

Unit 7
1. Case study- An observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles. The 'Tarasoff' case Myers. David G. (2004) Psychology Glossary Worth Publishers
2. Historical research- Research based on past research and part of basic research and the process of systematically examining past events to give an account and may include interpretations to recapture the nuances, personalities and ideas that influenced these events and to communicate and understand and event. Google.com
3. Ethnography- Studies of how researchers describe the variables of an investigation dealing with cultures. How cultures parents arrange the children's marriages. Cozby, Paul C. (2001) Methods of Behavioral Research Eighth Edition McGraw Hill Publishers
4. Phenomeology- The introspective study of intact, mental experiences. Hergenhahn, B.R. (2001) An Introduction to the History of Psychology 4th edition Wadsworth Publishing
5. Grounded theory research designs- This is the process of relating codes (concepts and categories) to each other via a combination of inductive and deductive thinking. Google.com
6. Content analysis- A systematic analysis of existing documents like archival data and on devising coding systems. Cozby, Paul C. (2001) Methods in Behavioral Research Eighth Edition McGraw Hill Publishers
7. Open coding- Coding at the earliest stage in research that is simple and straight forward from raw data. Addresses for marriage licenses and to check for similarities and differences. Google. com
8. Axial coding- Coding that is based on the disaggregation of core theme during qualitative analysis and selects a central core category. Google.com
9. Selective coding- In coding this is the later phase of analysis in the grounded theory approach to qualitative data, when explanations of phenomena, events, actions and processes are emergent. Google.com
10. Pattern- When doing research the researcher will see repeated ideas form and these ideas from a pattern in which it solve problems that could also be seen in a sequence. Google.com
11. Category- A category is part of a system that describes a certain aspect of an item. Ex. psychosocial disorders Google.com
12. Interpretative validity- A form of validity that interprets some point of the research so that understanding is clear and the idea of the research is understandable. Google.com
13. Triangulation- When doing research the professional will study all sides of the issue dealing with the credibility and validity. Google.com
14. Member checking- this deals with respondent validation and refers to relaying research material to respondents to for verification at the end of the research or during the interviews. Google.com
15. Chain of evidence- The chain of evidence is how researchers check their information from the sources to make sure that the information is valid and reliable and the sequencing of the evidence leads to identification, collection, analysis, storage, preservation, transportation and presentation in court and then returned to owner. Google.com
Unit 8
1. Pre-experimental- this is the period before an experiment takes place. This is the time of basic research and doing literature reviews and checking what ...

Solution Summary

This essay is a collection of statistical definitions and a critique of a psychological article.

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How to Properly Construct a Research Paper

Subject: Expound on the advantages of plastic pipe over materials in a water infrastructure.
 Frame your paper in 2,500 to 5,000 words, following the style guidelines outlined below.
 Entries will be judged on vision, understanding of issues, originality and emphasis on material solutions.
Style Guidelines
Submit your paper in the style of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.
Consistent with APA style, include four major sections in your paper: Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.

Title Page
Include the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation. Include the page header (described above) flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page.

Type the title in upper- and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. Limit your title to no more than 12 words, with no abbreviations. Double-space text on the title page.

Abstract
Begin a new page and center the word "Abstract" (no bold, formatting, italics, underlining, or quotation marks).
Beginning with the next line, write a 150- to 250-word summary of the key points of your research. (Do not indent.) Write it in one double-spaced paragraph.
An Author's Note is not required.

Main Body
The Main Body of the paper may include, as outlined in the APA style guide, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, Experiments, and Meta-Analyses. Construct your argument with these or other elements.
Follow key general formatting requirements of APA style, which include:
 Type double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5" x 11") with 1" margins on all sides, 12-pt. Times New Roman font.
 Include a page header at the top of every page. To create a page header, insert page numbers flush right. Then type the title of your paper in capital letters and quotation marks in the header flush left.
Follow style guidelines in Punctuation, Spelling, Capitalization, Italics, Abbreviations, Numbers, Metrication, Statistical, Mathematical Copy, and Equations found in Chapter 4 of the APA style manual.

References
Place your reference listings at the end of your paper, including each source you cite in the reference list.

Begin the references on a new page separate from the text of the essay and label this page "References," centered at the top of the page.

Follow these general formatting guidelines:
 Double-space text.
 Indent the second and subsequent lines of each entry one-half inch.
 Invert last names and use initials for first names, up to six names. Use ellipses after the sixth name.
 Alphabetize reference list by the last name of the first author of each work.
 Order by year of publication, starting with the earliest, of multiple articles written by the same author.
 Capitalize all major words in journal titles.
 Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals, but do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections.
Please refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, for complete requirements.
Also please click on this link for a list of errors that were printed in this edition.

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