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P.E., Obesity, NCLB, Self Esteem, Biculturalism

1. On page 238 of the textbook, the author states that schools have reduced physical education in order to spend that money on more academic classes. She also states "an hour a day of active play is more likely to improve academic achievement than to impair it".

If your child's school reduced physical education classes, what studies and arguments would you use to convince them of the need for physical education? Do you think it's the schools' responsibility or the parents' responsibility to provide opportunities for physical activity?

2. On page 236 in the text the topic of obesity arises "Many 7- to 11-year-olds eat too much, exercise too little, and become overwiehgt or obese as a result." The text mentions that the United States has an obesity epidemic among children. Why do you think the U.S. has such a high obesity rate among children and what are some ways parents, caregivers or schools can effectively decrease the obesity issue among our children?

3. Children in elementary through high schools are seeing more and more standardized tests each year, not even including class finals, SATs, and AP/IB exams. In 2001, the No Child Left Behind act made standardized testing a common procedure in schools, making teachers rearrange their curriculum to match the content of the exams. Many complaints have been made by students and teachers regarding the NCLB Act. "Another major complaint against No Child Left Behind is that it requires too much testing, based on the assumption that tests measure learningâ?"an assumption many teachers dispute." (P. 260)

What is your opinion on the mandatory standardized testing in public schools? Do you think it's necessary? Do you think it's an accurate way to measure a child's academic aptitude?

4. On pg. 275 our text states that "self esteem is tricky"and correlates levels of self esteem in both social and academic situations, then relates the complicating effect of cultural context, stating "the importance of self esteem may be a social construction". It further states that "academic and social competence are aided by realistic self evaluation, not by unrealistically high self-esteem (Baumeister et al., 2003). Given how much our society stressed building a child's self-esteem, should our culture now reevaluate this general statement and encompass a more balanced approach?

5. On page 251-252 the author describes the importance of biculturalism and how it affects bilingualism. According to the textbook, learning two languages at an early age can give a child cognitive advantages over a child that is monolingual. What I find very interesting is that the United States still has not recognized English as an official language of the United States. With so many Latino immigrants living in the United States, there has been a great increase of Spanish speaking individuals in the United States; more specifically, a greater increase of bilingual Spanish-English speakers. At the rate that the Spanish speaking community is growing does anyone think that the United States several years from now will adopt Spanish as a secondary language? Would it be possible for Spanish and English to be official languages similar to the way Canada recognizes French and English as their official languages?

6. The book talks about family function on page 281-282. This is how a family functions based on the age of its children. At each group of ages for children, they become more independent and require less help on a daily basis with simple tasks. The book also mentions the effect of a divorce on children at certain times in their life. Do you think large changes such as beginning kindergarten or middle school and dealing with a divorce at the same time can damage a child in the long run?

Solution Preview

1. A child's body requires so much movement, especially young children. If a child is allowed to release that energy, they will be able to concentrate more on the academic areas in which they are learning. Children also learn from physical activity, they can learn how the body moves, as well as developing their large motor skills. Physical activity also helps to enhance a child's imagination and creativity.

I think it should be the responsibility of both the school and the parents to provide opportunities for physical activity. The reason is because the school needs the child to remain focused on the task at hand, and this can be done by releasing the energy inside the child so they can be allowed to focus. If a child is anxious and wanting to play, they are less likely to do well on assignments; however, if they have been allowed to play to release the excess energy, they can concentrate more. According the National Association for Sport and Physical Education, physical education helps to improve a child's judgment, reduce stress, facilitates the development of self-discipline, and helps to improve a child's self-confidence and self-esteem (1).

When a child goes home from school, so many are left to care for themselves while parents work, and in today's world of technology, so many children sit in front of the television or video game instead of getting physical activities. This in part is why so many children are obese and over-weight. Physical education can also teach healthy eating habits, and teach children to be more active to improve their own health and ways to stay healthy for the future.

2. In society today, with the poor economy, for most families to be able to survive it requires both parents to work, that is if there are two parents living in the home. For these situations, it is much easier for ...

Solution Summary

Discusses how physical education in schools is beneficial to children, how the lack of physical education can contribute to obesity in children, NCLB act and standardized testing, the importance of self-esteem, and how biculturalism affects bilingualism. The solution includes 1280 words, and 1 reference.