Share
Explore BrainMass

True or False questions and answers about Aging

1. In 2006 the first wave of baby boomers reached age 60.

2. The most cited reason for disability in older people is arthritis ( Verbruge, 1994)

3. Demtias are mental disorders caused by mild organic deterioration of the brain.

4. The first practitioners of social gerontology were developmental psychologists, whose traditional focus on growth and maturation was expanded to include later maturity (Orbach,1974).

5. Increased estrogen is one of the main causes of osteoporosis.

6. Currently, only 17 percent of people over age 50 use the Internet; the percentage is twice as high among younger people.

7. In 1764 the first almshouse, an institution for the poor, was built in Boston.

8. The third era in adult development, middle adulthood, lasts from about age 40 to 65.

9. For every 106 male babies that are born, there are only 100 females.

10. In 1925 Congress passed the Social Security Act.

11. Over the past century, the U.S. has witnessed a dramatic improvement in mortality rates.

12. The sex ratio is defined as the number of males to every 85 females.

13. A cohort effect is the impact of a historical event on the entire society.

14. Adaptation refers to a state of compatibility between the individual and the environment that allows a person to maintain a sense of well-being or satisfaction with quality of life.

15. Researchers Settersten and Jones prefer the term age timetables rather than age norms.

Solution Preview

1. In 2006 the first wave of baby boomers reached age 60.

True. More commonly cited is the fact that by 2011 the first of the baby boomers will become seniors (turn 65). By subtracting 5 years you get 2006 and 60, so the answer is true.

2. The most cited reason for disability in older people is arthritis (Verbruge, 1994)

According to the above mentioned researcher, this statement is True.

3. Demtias are mental disorders caused by mild organic deterioration of the brain.

This is false. While the majority of known dementias are caused by deterioration in the brain, it is not so with ALL dementias. Dementia usually is caused by degeneration in the cerebral cortex, the part of the brain responsible for thoughts, memories, actions and personality. Death of brain cells in this region leads to the cognitive impairment that characterizes dementia.

The most common cause of dementia is AD, accounting for one-half to three-fourths of all cases. The brain of a person with AD becomes clogged with two abnormal structures, called neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques. Neurofibrillary tangles are twisted masses of protein fibers inside nerve cells, or neurons. Senile plaques are composed of parts of neurons surrounding a group of proteins called beta-amyloid deposits. Why these structures develop is unknown. Current research indicates possible roles for inflammation, blood flow restriction, and toxic molecular fragments known as free radicals. Several genes have been associated with higher incidences of AD, although the exact role of these genes still is unknown.

Vascular dementia is estimated to cause from 5-30% of all dementias. It occurs from decrease in blood flow to the brain, most commonly due to a series of small strokes (multi-infarct dementia). Other cerebrovascular causes include: vasculitis from syphilis, Lyme disease, or systemic lupus erythematosus; subdural hematoma; and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Because of the usually sudden nature of its ...

Solution Summary

This solution answers a basic true or false questionnaire about aging. It also provides explanations as to why each question is either true or false.

$2.19