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Biological, Genetic and Environmental Impacts on Motor Skills Development in Infants

Give a description of at least two biological/genetic factors and two environmental (including cultural) influences on motor skills development in infants. Then explain what parents can do to maximize or minimize these influences.

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(1) Give a description of at least two biological/genetic factors and two environmental (including cultural) influences on motor skills development in infants.

Development is defined as the pattern of change that begins at conception and continues through the life span. Developmental psychology deals with several processes including biological, cognitive, and socio-emotional aspects of human development. Human growth and maturity depends on both physical and emotional development. Motor development is the acquisition of the muscular control necessary for coordinated activity (Plotnik, 1981). Emotional development helps individuals grow by signaling physiological needs and psychological moods, and by motivating behaviors (p. 368). Cognitive development is based on how a person gains an understanding of his or her world through experience and learning. Finally, social development refers to the ability to form social relationships and interactions. Therefore, normal development refers to the processes in which individuals perform various skills, behaviors and/or abilities.

Biological factors that contribute to the development of infant motor skills include temperamental characteristics that are regarded as traits that determine the way individual children interact with the environment. Research suggests that children with different temperamental traits need different environments to have optimal development. Biological factors that can impact motor ...

Solution Summary

This solution describes biological, genetic and environmental impacts on motor skills development in infants and what parents can do to maximize or minimize these influences. It is approximately 843 words with references.

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