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Biological, Genetic and Environmental Impacts on Motor Skills Development in Infants

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Give a description of at least two biological/genetic factors and two environmental (including cultural) influences on motor skills development in infants. Then explain what parents can do to maximize or minimize these influences.

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(1) Give a description of at least two biological/genetic factors and two environmental (including cultural) influences on motor skills development in infants.

Development is defined as the pattern of change that begins at conception and continues through the life span. Developmental psychology deals with several processes including biological, cognitive, and socio-emotional aspects of human development. Human growth and maturity depends on both physical and emotional development. Motor development is the acquisition of the muscular control necessary for coordinated activity (Plotnik, 1981). Emotional development helps individuals grow by signaling physiological needs and psychological moods, and by motivating behaviors (p. 368). Cognitive development is based on how a person gains an understanding of his or her world through experience and learning. Finally, social development refers to the ability to form social relationships and interactions. Therefore, normal development refers to the processes in which individuals perform various skills, behaviors and/or abilities.

Biological factors that contribute to the development of infant motor skills include temperamental characteristics that are regarded as traits that determine the way individual children interact with the environment. Research suggests that children with different temperamental traits need different environments to have optimal development. Biological factors that can impact motor ...

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This solution describes biological, genetic and environmental impacts on motor skills development in infants and what parents can do to maximize or minimize these influences. It is approximately 843 words with references.

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Part I

1. Assess the interaction and influences of genetics, heredity, and environmental factors on the prenatal development of individuals with your selected condition.
2. Describe how biological, sensory, perceptual, motor and physical development of the mind and body are affected in individuals with your selected condition.
3. Evaluate the impact of nutrition, eating behavior and overall health on physical development and life expectancy in individuals with your selected condition.

1.Autism in children: According to Ms. Duncan, Charles is the product of a pregnancy which was full-term and which was without any major complications except that labor had to be induced. The delivery was normal and Charles's birth weight was 8 pounds - 11 ounces. The baby remained hospitalized for 3 days following his birth and was considered as being a healthy baby. Charles's developmental landmark was sitting up unsupported, approximately 8 months; crawling, approximately 8 months; walking, 18 months; saying his first simple words approximately 2 or 3 years; speaking in short sentences, approximately 4 or 5 years; and the client was toilet trained at 14 months of age. At 5 1/2 years of age, the client was diagnosed as autistic.

The client exhibited rocking, head banging, repetitive sniffing and hand gestures as a child. At approximately 18 years of age, Ms. Duncan states that the client became aggressive and started taking psychotropic medications. He also started biting and slapping himself and going AWOL. She states that at this time, she sought a voluntary placement for the client. Charles did attend special academic classes throughout his academic career. Charles currently participates in day programming, 5 days per week, at ECF Par West in Culver city, CA. His diagnostic impression is mild mental retardation and autism.


Charles is 34 years old. Charles weighs 201 pounds. He was admitted to Mt. Sinai (An Adult Residential Facility in Los Angeles, CA) on October 12, 1995. Charles has been diagnosed with the following medical and/or psychiatric disabilities: Autism, Manic Depression, and Moderate Mental Retardation. Charles has a friendly, sociable manner and he makes good eye contact. He is ambulatory with good balance. He is neat and dresses nicely. Charles is independent with most activities of daily living. He listens politely and contributes information in simple conversations. Charles is verbal; he has fair communication skills and adequate receptive skill. Charles sometimes feels intimidated by higher functioning peers. Charles has a brother who visits him on holidays.

Part II

Families who have lost loved ones to a terminal illness.

a. Describe the critical issues associated with understanding, coping with and facing death. Explain the unique considerations of the issues related to individuals in your selected situation.
b. Analyze the role of socio-historical and cultural influences in determining the attitude, perspective, decisions and personal context regarding death and loss. Describe how these attitudes and perspectives are affected when individuals are confronted with your selected situation.
c. Describe the phases of grieving and factors that influence the individual variations of response to grief, bereavement and mourning as they relate to your selected situation.

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