What are the steps in the ethical decision-making process? Is each step relevant to every situation? Why or why not?
Let's take a closer look.
1. What are the steps in the ethical decision-making process?
There are many proposed ethical decision making models that can be utilized. One ethical decision-making model and its steps are as follows (it is verbatim): (note: the steps may not always follow the same order shown and steps may be repeated several times in the process.)
1. Identify the problem or dilemma.
? Does a problem or dilemma actually exist?
? Is this an ethical, legal, moral, professional, or clinical problem?
? Is it a combination of more than one of these?
? How can you know the nature of the problem?
? Would you consult at this early stage as you are identifying the problem?
? How might you begin the process of consultation with your client about the nature of the
2. Identify the potential issues involved.
? How might you best evaluate the rights, responsibilities, and welfare of all those involved and
those who are affected by the decision, including your own welfare as a practitioner?
? How can you best promote your client's independence and self-determination?
? What actions have the least chance of bringing harm to your client?
? What decision will best safeguard the client's welfare?
? How can you create a trusting and collaborative climate where your clients can find their own
? What principles can you use in prioritizing the potential issues ...
By example, this solution describes the steps in the ethical decision-making process, and explains if each is step relevant to every situation, including why or why not.