What about student behavior? And/or, employee behavior?
Criminal behavior is best controlled by a combination of reward and punishment. These both have to be used positively, though in order to achieve results. However, the choice is up to the individuaon on whether or not they choose to comply. For example, if he or she is told not to hit someone in a prison, then he or she will continue to do so. If this person chooses to keep hitting others and ...
The solution provided gave the individual that a reward goes farther than punishment with someone who committed a crime, and this also applies to student and employee behavior as well.