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Theories of Late Adulthood Development

How might cultural factors, such as the esteem in which a society holds its older members, work to affect an older person's memory performance?

Erikson, Peck and Levinson all talked about personality development in late adulthood. Summarize each of their views, and give examples. Think about your parents or grandparents in terms of how they dealt with some of these developmental issues.

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Interesting questions! Let's take a closer look through discussion and example.

RESPONSE:

1. How might cultural factors, such as the esteem in which a society holds its older members, work to affect an older person's memory performance?

There is a direct relationship between how society esteems older members and older person's memory performance. If a society holds low esteem for older people, for example, then the person will begin to feel the same way about her-himself which impacts memory because the person might begin to feel a sense of worthlessness and a lack of meaning in life. The person gives up on life and stops doing interesting things, which impacts memory. If you don't use it, it loose it. If the person is deemed a burden to society, the person will begin to feel like a burden.

Conversely, when society holds a person in high esteem, this impacts the older person's mental functioning positively, including increased memory. For example, according to Bandura (1997), a person's self-efficacy is critical to successful aging because it influences a person's thought patterns, emotional reactions, lifestyle choices and behaviors, efforts put forth on a task, and perseverance when confronting obstacles throughout life. (1) When a society holds a high esteem for the older ...

Solution Summary

This solution explores the ways that cultural factors, such as the esteem in which a society holds its older members, might work to affect an older person's memory performance. It also summarizes the views of Erikson, Peck and Levinson on personality development in late adulthood and provides examples.

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