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Retrieval and Memory Distortion

Most of us simply think that memories just happen as a result of experiences we encounter. But how are those memories really made? And how do we recall them? Memories can be created by effortful or passive behavior; in other words, we can work to create a memory, or it can "just happen". There are many factors that influence how quickly, how deeply, and how strongly a memory is engrained in our brains. Even though we rely on those factors and resulting processes to be accurate, many times they are incorrect, resulting in memory distortion, problems with remembering, and forgetting.

1). Briefly define the meanings of (a) through (d):

A). Eyewitness testimony -
b). Memory distortion
c). Source memory,
d). Recovered memories.

2). Discuss the role of cultural and social influence on eyewitness testimony. Provide an example

Discuss the role of cultural and social influence on memory distortion
Provide an example

Discuss the role of cultural and social influence on source memory
Provide an example

Discuss the role of cultural and social influence on recovered memory
Provide an example

Use scholarly sources to support your answers. Cite all sources with APA format

Solution Preview

Eyewitness testimony: Testimony in which an individual that saw or witnessed an event testifies to their memory of the event in a court of law.

Memory distortion: A change in the accuracy of an individual's memory that is due to internal physiological factors, external factors such as coercion and suggestion, and/or due to the natural imperfection within an individual's memory.

Source memory: The ability to remember how we came to have a given memory, or what the catalyst was for a given memory.

Recovered memories: The recovery of memories of highly ...

Solution Summary

The expert examines retrieval and memory distortions.

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