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Memory: Representation and Manipulation of Knowledge

Discuss some of the practical applications of having two codes (visual and verbal; pictures and words) for knowledge representation. Explain how having two codes assists in learning and memory. Give an example applied to your own experiences.

Texts for assignment:

Francis, G., Neath, I., & VanHorn, D. (2008). Coglab on a CD, Version 2.0. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.

Sternberg, R. (2009). Cognitive psychology (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.

Solution Preview

By having two codes, a person can greatly benefit from it because he or she is able to see and hear what needs to be done and do it effectively. For example, say a person is watching the news, but is unable to hear it. This can become quite difficult. The individual can see it, but not know what is getting said on the television. One can easily become quite frustrated. However, when a person is seeking to see it but can only hear it, they can become frustrated as well. Some are not able to see or hear it and must rely on others to use some other method to let them know what is going on in the world. When someone is able to see and hear what is going on, this can make all the difference in the world to him and to those around him or her on a regular basis. The individual can read and understand various pictures from the media, to what they read in a textbook from school.
Symbols are everywhere in the form of a flag, business logos, college mascots, and much more. A person, who is able to use both of their senses of seeing and hearing, can figure out what each of them means, sometimes right away, while at other times it may take a little while. By using one's visual sense, one can read anything they see in front of them, whether or not it is in another language. The same applies to what is said to him or her. He or she can hear it, and then ...

Solution Summary

This solution discussed some of the practical applications of having two codes, such as visual and verbal for knowledge representation; explained how having two codes assists in learning and memory and provided examples applied to one's own experience.

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