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Types of conflicts, Freud's concept of fixation

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2. a. Discuss some principle ideas which have been proposed by Karen Horney

b. Compare some of Horney's ideas to those of Freud's.

c. What has Horney added to our understanding of anxiety?

3. a.From Freud: Describe the functions of the id, ego, and superego

(Be sure to mention when and why the ego uses defense mechanisms)

b. Describe Freud's concept of fixation and how fixation at various stages (oral, anal, phallic) can affect the developing personality.

1. Discuss the three types of conflict and give an example to illustrate each one.

b. Which type of conflict is most likeluy to produce vacillation, and why?

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1. Discuss the three types of conflict and give an example to illustrate each one.

Types of "conflict"
1. approach-approach - two types of programs to choose from, both of which are interesting to the college student.
2. avoidance-avoidance - opposite of the above example
3. approach-avoidance - one program is favorable and the other is not.
factors that influence the reaching of a goal (e.g., asking for a raise)
1. avoidance is "steeper" than approach (in an approach-avoidance
conflict, as you get closer to decision making, drive to avoid increases more quickly than drive to approach)
2. vacillation (indecision) -
3. increased drive -
b. Which type of conflict is most likely to produce vacillation, and why?
Approach avoidance conflict as it includes a favorable and an unfavorable alternative. The decision has to be made quickly and the state of indecision may further disorient the decision maker in her/ his final decision.

2. a. Discuss some principle ideas which have been proposed by Karen Horney
Karen Horney (1885-1952) is a personality theorist influenced by psycho analytics. She proposed that there are fundamental gender differences in the light of which psychoanalytic should focus on the two genders in different ways.

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Types of conflicts, Freud's concept of fixation: discussed in short essay answers format

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Sigmund Freud

1) According to Freudian theory, is Steve aware of why he interacts with women only on a sexual basis? Which state of consciousness is most involved in controlling this behavior?

2) What type of Freudian psychic energy motivates Steve's relationships with women?

3) At what Freudian stage is Steve fixated and what evidence exists of this? What exactly is the stage and how does it contribute to the fixation? What would have caused this fixation?

4) Although many of Freud's major theories have fallen out of favor among psychologists for their lack of falsifiability (i.e., can not be tested empirically true or false using the scientific method), many of Freud's ideas have had a significant impact on the field of psychology (the study of the unconscious; the importance of early childhood experiences; stage development; defense mechanisms). Which is considered to be the most important? Specifically, why is it considered to be more so than the others?

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