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Perspectives of Psychology: Due to Evolution or Revolution?

Using text, the Library, and the Internet for research pick out two perspectives of psychology and determine if one "school" of thought led to the other (Evolution) or if they conflicted (Revolution), leading to a clash of ideas that led to an eventual shift in psychological thought. These perspectives of psychology include: Behaviorism, Cognitive, Culture and Diversity, Evolutionary, Functionalism, Gestalt, Humanistic, Physiological, Psychodynamic, and Structuralism. Defend your choices and discussion with research and evidence from the text and scholarly internet sources.

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Behaviorism:
Behaviorism as a school of psychology originated due to the work of John B. Watson, an American psychologist. He developed psychology as an objective study of behavior; both of animals and human beings. He proposed that the environment is much more important than heredity in determining the behavior of animals as well as human beings. According to him, conditioning was the key to understand behavior. He opines that psychology deals with human and animal activities which can be observed and measured in an objective manner. Thus, the main purpose of psychology is to predict the response and control the behavior of human beings and animals. According to Watson, consciousness is not a subject for scientific study. The unit of behavior is reflex or stimulus-response (S-R) connection. The chief method of learning is conditioning. There is a strict cause and effect determinism ...

Solution Summary

Behaviorism as a school of psychology originated due to the work of John B. Watson, an American psychologist. He developed psychology as an objective study of behavior; both of animals and human beings.

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