Consider the future of diagnosis and assessment, and new challenges you might face. How could funding be sourced to help inmates on parole?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 5, 2022, 1:23 am ad1c9bdddf
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Future of Diagnosis & Assessment
In the practice of psychology, whatever the specialisation (i.e. clinical psychology, forensic psychology, experimental psychology, etc.), one of the key actions taken to study a subject for treatment or for research applications is diagnosis and assessment. Mental states and mental disorders and illnesses can only be identified through a thorough set of diagnosis using established diagnostic protocols and standards (i.e. the use of DSM-V) and established methods of evaluation and assessment (ones that take into account issues in relation to processes, observation and ethical considerations). The future of diagnosis and assessment involves evolving with innovations in science, research and the needs of society for the purpose of keeping function and relevance in terms of resolving mental health issues as well as social issues that can be resolved with the use of the latest innovation in the field of psychology. Trend experts also see future collaborations between key sciences including neurosciences, sociology, psychiatry and criminology to apply research in their field and the field of psychology to resolve issues that bridge the sciences or involve their collaboration for the purpose of finding solutions important to a risk society.
According to Open Learn (2014), a key issue in relation to the use of diagnosis and assessment systems has to do with diagnostic qualifications. How we define or label a disorder, a condition - they are based on standards and qualifications set by governing bodies in the field of Psychology and Psychiatry. With the character of diagnosis being arbitrary, then a diagnosis at present, can in the future be made invalid or moot either due to new information or to new research which changes the labelling. This makes it a problem of validity and reliability. Another challenge is since labels are arbitrary; the line between normal and abnormal is blurred. For example, worry can be labelled into anxiety; anxiety can be labelled a simple worry dependent on the practitioner, dependent on what is being disclosed, dependent on the social situation. Since this can be reliant on what is disclosed, distinctions can be difficult to make an impact diagnosis and assessment, and ultimately lead to problematic therapy or intervention.
Funding for Inmates
In the practice of forensic psychology as well as prison-based clinical practice, one of the many problems encountered by programs that can uplift the situation of those incarcerated is the lack of funding and support for clinical therapy and counseling as well as other activities that can be deemed to rehabilitate and make a difference. In transition services for example, there are inmates who need to take part in community-based programs to prepare them for social reintegration. But program funds are limited largely because of the negative label attached to the incarcerated and their criminal past have often impacted the manner by which other citizens see them, making supporting them something that is a hard sell. But if argued right, local, state and Federal institutions (i.e. Labor PRI Grants) can see the importance of transitory systems and interventive systems to rehabilitate and prepare those incarcerated for a 'new life' . Where possible, private individuals and institutions could be funding sources as part of their corporate responsibility activities.
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1. Academy for Educational Development (2001). Helping Inmates return to the Community. CDC. URL: http://www.cdc.gov/idu/facts/cj-transition.pdf
2. Open Learn (2014). The role of diagnosis in counselling and psychotherapy. The Open University. URL: http://www.open.edu/openlearn/society/politics-policy-people/sociology/the-role-diagnosis-counselling-and-psychotherapy/content-section-5.2
3. Young, M. (2011). Alternative Strategies for Funding Employment-Related Re-entry Programs. Northwestern Law. URL: http://www.law.northwestern.edu/legalclinic/prison/documents/AlternativeFundingStrategies.pdf© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 5, 2022, 1:23 am ad1c9bdddf>