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Counselling Psychology - Laws, Ethics and Morals

In their professional life, counsellors are always considering moral, ethical, and legal implications of their daily activities. Can you briefly distinguish among those three kinds of implications and specify to what degree they follow more or less clear-cut, unambiguous standards or requirements?

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This is an interesting question. Please see response below, as well as two supporting resources attached. I hope this helps and take care.


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The moral implications of counsellor's daily activities is acting in a way that matches her or his personal 'moral' values (or not), meaning what is considered morally 'right' or 'wrong.' When a professional's actions reflect her or his moral values, she or he is said to have integrity. Moral values often stem from childhood and religious affiliations. People with strong moral convictions are more clear-cut than those who have soft convictions or sway from world-view to world-view, not really having any strong convictions. However, there are some general moral standards that most agree with (e.g., murder is wrong). However, at times it is also import to set your moral or religious convictions aside if they conflict with the professional mandates or client values e.g., homosexual behavior is a wrong; gambling is wrong, etc. If that is not possible, then it ties into ethics, as the counsellor must then be willing to make a referral (see illustrative example below, about respected the diversity of the clients).


Ethical implications of daily activities of counsellors are many, such as treating the client with respect and dignity, respecting the autonomy of the client to make her or his own decisions, etc. Ethical conduct is based on suggested standards and ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the legal, moral and ethical implications for counsellors, and also to what degree they follow more or less clear-cut, unambiguous standards or requirements. Supplemented with a code of ethics and guiding principles for counselling.