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    Impacts and Interests of Fracking

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    Assignment Instructions
    Please identify a policy issue that impacts or interests you. This policy issue can be at the local, state, or federal level, only USA Policy, and write 500 words in words document and an animated PowerPoint briefing (minimum 10 slides with images on each slide), Your bibliography of sources (a minimum of 10) should be the final slide(s) of the presentation.
    Research the policy context, implementation, effectiveness, and evaluate it using these criteria: The policy framework consists of effectiveness, efficiency, ethics, equity, political feasibility, and social/cultural feasibility.
    Analyze the policy, and then draw conclusions and make recommendations about the policy's future and effectiveness. Present your findings to the class by uploading an animated PowerPoint briefing (minimum 10 slides with images on each slide) in Adobe Connect in the classroom.
    P.S: Some example of Policies: Environmental, Energy, Homeland Security, and Foreign policy.
    Your bibliography of sources (a minimum of 10)
    Initial Post
    • Your initial post should be at least 500 words in length and no more than 750 words in length.
    • Initial responses are to be original in content and demonstrate a thorough analysis of the topic. Originality of this assignment will be verified by Turnitin
    • Include properly cited references.

    Citation must be in APA Format
    P.S: Reference sources relied on by the student is cited appropriately and accurately. No writing of others is left without quotation and/or attribution, as appropriate. APA Style is used correctly and consistently.
    All posts should be free of grammatical errors and should include proper citations. The initial post should be scholarly in style.
    P.S: Please check and fix all grammar issues, this is a Master Degree course.
    You will be graded using the following criteria, which is based on an enhanced version of the APUS graduate writing rubric and online rubrics for multimedia:
    Criteria Description Points
    Synthesis of Knowledge: Project cohesively links policy concepts and learning objectives to the topic. Student demonstrates critical understanding of the policy concept and its relation to public policy. 25
    Foundation of Knowledge: Student performed independent research, used and properly cited the assigned reading. Student used appropriate outside sources (peer review academic articles, books, or other material from government institutions) to support arguments. 25
    Application of Knowledge: Student establishes connections to the real world, current and historical public policies, and current events. 25
    Presentation and Creativity: Student effectively communicates policy concepts and ideas. Project is creative, cohesive, organized, and follows all traditional rules of grammar while content operates in a multimedia fashion. 25

    REQUIRED READING: Links for this assignments

    Kraft, M. E. & Furlong, S. R. (2015). Public policy: Politics, analysis, and alternatives (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Sage Press.

    Read: Kraft & Furlong chapter. 11-12 and journal articles:
    Please read these articles so that you can cite them on the paper.
    Hoffman, Joe. (nd). "Potential Health and Environmental Effects of Hydrofracking in the Williston Basin, Montana." On the Cutting Edge (National Association of Geoscience Teachers). Retrieved from https://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/health/case_studies/hydrofracking_w.html
    Korte, Gregory. (May 20, 2015). "Obama: Denying Climate Change Erodes National Security." USA Today. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2015/05/20/obama-climate-change-national-security-coast-guard/27628313/
    Swart, Lydia and Cile Page. (March 1, 2015). "Changing the Composition of the Security Council: Is There a Viable Solution?" Center for UN Reform Education. Retrieved from http://www.centerforunreform.org/?q=node/629
    Schwalbe, Stephen. (2013). "It's Time for the US to Become Non-Nuclear." Policy Studies Organization, no. 9. Retrieved from http://www.ipsonet.org/proceedings/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Schwalbe-Nuclear-Arsenal-PSO.pdf
    Best, Richard, Jr. (June 22, 2010). "Intelligence Reform After Five Years: The Role of the Director of National Intelligence." Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/R41295.pdf
    Jason, Brian. (March 2006). "Regulation of Political Signs in Private Homeowner Associations: A New Approach." Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 59, Issue 2. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/docview/198952568?pq-origsite=summon&accountid=8289

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    Solution Preview

    There is more than enough information here to formulate the response for the assignment. Additionally, the PP is outlined, but needs your input to complete.

    Fracking (or hydraulic fracturing (HF))is a method of gaining natural gas and oil from shale by drilling down through the earth and then shooting a high pressure water mixture into the rock to release the gas inside. The water, sand, and chemical mixture injects in the rock, which allows the natural gas to flow out to the head of the well. Chemicals used in the process include lead, mercury, and formaldehyde. There is debate around the world about this process and places like France prefer nuclear power to fracking. It is often a choice based on citizens' opinion of the process rather than "the threats and benefits to the state" (Thronger, 2015). Most individuals are concerned about the poisoning of water tables.
    The United States is one nation that has embraced fracking for the recovery of oil and natural gas. One of the concerns of the process is the use of pipelines to move the oil and natural gas produces methane, which is a problem for the climate and is 25 times more potent than carbon dioxide (Rosenburg, et al, 2014). With access to this method of accessing these energy sources, new debates have appeared in the U.S. Among them is the use of the terminals in the New England area to export natural gas. These terminals were used to bring in liquid natural gas just a few years ago. Since the terminals are no longer needed, dismantling or redevelopment for use in the exporting process is an issue.
    Part of the concerns voiced are for the "flowback" or "produced water" that flows back to the surface after forcing the gas to the surface. The internal pressure of the rock formations drilled into, force this chemical laden water back up where it is stored in tanks or pits before treatment, disposal ...

    Solution Summary

    A brief overview of fracking policies in the U.S. are provided.