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Physics problems: Velocity, Speed, Acceleration

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1) Wiley Coyote has missed the elusive roadrunner once again. This time, he leaves the edge of the cliff at 50 m/s horizontal velocity. If the canyon is 100 meters deep, how far from the edge of the cliff does the coyote land?
a) 100 meters
b) 200 meters
c) 225 meters
d) 250 meters
e) 300 meters

2) An artillery shell is fired with an initial velocity of 300 m/s at 55° above the horizontal. It explodes on a mountainside 42 seconds after firing. If x is horizontal and y is vertical, what is the (x, y) coordinates where the shell explodes?
a) x = 7200 m; y = 1700 m
b) x = 5000 m; y = 1300 m
c) x = 3000 m; y = 900 m
d) x = 1500 m; y = 500 m

(Questions 3-4): A ball is thrown horizontally from the top of a building 100 meters high. The ball strikes the ground at a point 65 meters horizontally away from and below the point of release.

3) What is the initial horizontally velocity of the ball?
a) 43 m/s
b) 47 m/s
c) 39 m/s
d) 36 m/s
e) 14 m/s

4) What is the speed of the ball just before it hits the ground?

a) 43 m/s
b) 47 m/s
c) 39 m/s
d) 36 m/s
e) 14 m/s

5) A baseball leaves a bat at an angle of 30 degrees above the horizontal. The ball strikes a fence that is 100 meters horizontally from the barrier at a height of 5.0 meters above the height of the bat when it struck the ball. What was the speed of the ball as it left the bat?

a) 35 m/s
b) 18 m/s
c) 30 m/s
d) 23 m/s
e) 28 m/s

6) A baseball is hit at ground level. The ball is observed to reach its maximum height above ground level 3.0 seconds after being hit. And 2.5 seconds after reaching this maximum height, the ball is observed to barely clear a fence that is 320 ft from where it was hit. How high is the fence? (The acceleration of gravity is -32.2 ft/s2.)

a) 27 feet
b) 52 feet
c) 44 feet
d) 36 feet
e) 16 feet

7) At the lowest point in a vertical dive (radius = 600 m), an airplane has a speed of 300 km/h which is not changing. Determine the magnitude of the acceleration of the pilot at this lowest point.
a) 150 m/s2
b) 21 m/s2
c) 16 m/s2
d) 12 m/s2
e) 8.8 m/s2

8) A particle moves along a circular path having a radius of 2.0 meters. At an instant when the speed of the particle is equal to 3.0 m/s and changing at the rate of 5.0 m/s2, what is the magnitude of the total acceleration of the particle?
a) 9.5 m/s
b) 6.0 m/s2
c) 5.4 m/s2
d) 6.7 m/s2
e) 4.5 m/s2

9) The speed of a particle moving in a circle 3.0 m in diameter increases at a constant rate of 4.0 m/s2. At a particular instant, the magnitude of the total acceleration of the particle is 6.0 m/s2. What is the speed of the particle at this instant?
a) 3.7 m/s2
b) 3.0 m/s2
c) 2.6 m/s2
d) 2.4 m/s2
e) 3.3 m/s2

10) A river has a steady speed of 0.3 m/s. A student swims downstream a distance of 1.2 km and returns to the starting point. If the student swims with respect to the water at a constant speed and the downstream portion of the swim requires 20 minutes, how much time is required for the entire swim?
a) 50 minutes
b) 80 minutes
c) 90 minutes
d) 70 minutes
e) 60 minutes

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This solution involve step-by-step calculations with diagrams for various physics questions involving the concepts of velocity, speed, and acceleration.

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7 Physics problems: Rotation, angular speed, acceleration period, power, axis

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1. A wheel has 8 equally spaced spokes and a radius of 30 cm. It is mounted on a fixed axle and is spinning at 2.5 rev/s ( revolutions per second ). You want to shoot a 20 cm long arrow parallel to this axle and thought the wheel without hitting any of the spokes. Assume that the arrow and the spokes are very thin. (a) What minimum speed must the arrow have ? (s) Does it matter where between the axle and rim of the wheel you aim? If so, what is the best location ?

1. At t=0, a fly wheel has an angular velocity of 4.7 rad/s (radians per second), an angular acceleration of -0.25 rad/s^2 , and a reference line at pheta0 = 0. (a) Through what maximum angle phetamax will the reference line turn in the positive direction ? At what times t will the reference line be at (b) pheta = 1/2phetamax and (c) pheta = -10.5 rad (consider both positive and negative values of t ) ?

2. (a) What is the angular speed w about the polar axis of a point on Earths surface at a latitude of 40 degrees N ? ( earth rotates about that axis ) (b) What is the linear speed v of the point ? What are (c) w and (d) v for a point at the equator ?

3. A record turntable is rotating at 331/3 rev/min. A watermelon seed is on the turntable 6.0 cm from the axis of rotation. (a) Calculate the acceleration of the seed, assuming that it does not slop. (b) What is the minimum value of the coefficient of static friction between the seed and the turntable if the seed is not to slip ? (c) Suppose that the turntable achieves its angular speed by starting from rest and undergoing a constant angular acceleration for 0.25 s. Calculate the minimum coefficient of static friction required for the seed not to slip during the acceleration period.

4. Four identical particles of mass 0.50kg each are placed at the vertices of a 2.0m x 2.0m square and held there by four massless rods , which form the sides of the square. What is the rotational inertia of this rigid body about an axis that (a) passes through the midpoints of opposite sides and lies in the plane of the square, (b) passes through the midpoint of one of the sides and is perpendicular to the plane of the square , and (c) lies in the plane of the square and passes through two diagonally opposite particles ?

5. Delivery trucks that operate by making use of energy stored in a rotating flywheel have been used in Europe. The trucks are charged by using an electric motor to get the flywheel up to its top speed of 200 pie radians/second. One such flywheel is a solid uniform cylinder with a mass of 500kg and a radius of 1.0m (a) What is the kinetic energy of the flywheel after charging ? (b) If the truck operates with an average power requirement of 8.0 kW, for how many minutes can it operate between charging?

6. A door has a mass of 44,000 kg , a rotational inertia about a vertical axis throught its huge hinges of 8.7 x 10^4 kg * m^2 , and a (front) face width of 2.4 m. Neglecting friction , what steady force applied at its outer edge and perpendicular to the plane of the door, can move it from rest through an angle of 90 degree's in 30 seconds ?

7. Figure shows a rigid assembly of thin hoop (of mass m and radius R = 0.150m ) and a thin radial rod ( of mass m and length L = 2.00 R ). The assembly is upright but if we give it a slight push it will rotate around a horizontal axis in the plane of the rod and hoop., through the lower end of the rod. Assuming that the energy given to the assembly in such a push is negligible, what would be the assembly's angular speed about the rotation axis when it passes through the upside-down (inverted) orientation ?

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