In March of 1993, Eugene and Carolyn Shoemaker and David Levy discovered their 9th short-periodic (smaller/faster orbit) comet orbiting our most massive planet, Jupiter. What's important to know about heavenly bodies (planets and comets in this case), is that everything has a gravitational pull out in space. Even you and I will exert some sort of gravity on smaller objects, although much less than our massive planet Jupiter. To give you some sort of comparison of how much greater the gravitational pull of Jupiter is compared to Earth, I'll give you their escape velocities (the speed in which an object must reach in order to escape the gravitational forces of a planet).
When we send something into outer space, the ...
This solution discusses the interaction that Jupiter and Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 had on each other back in 1993. More particularly it discusses what the force of gravity can do to an object(s) that orbits too close to a much more massive object in relation to it.