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Cosmology

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"Cosmology" refers to a sub-branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of the universe. It comes from the Greek kosmos, usually translated as "world" or "universe."
Kosmos actually contains that additional notion that the universe is a thing of beauty because it is balanced and harmonious. While it doesn't always seem that way, of course, the universe (or God, the governing principle of the universe), 'balances things out' sooner or later. When we say things like "Everything happens for a reason," we are thinking in cosmological terms.

Do you think the universe is best understood as a kosmos? And if so, does that mean that justice/injustice should be understood in cosmological terms as well?

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Cosmology and Justice

In my opinion, Cosmology as a viewpoint or position of argument in relation to the order of things requires an acceptance of certain notions - that there is a particular order and purpose to the things and events in the universe, that despite the cause and effect and implosions and explosions, life and non-life, light and dark - the order is in place and it balances itself out in ways that man cannot (yet) fully and truly comprehend. Kosmos is the Greek word for universe and logia refers to study. In the first instance when we talk of cosmology we talk of the scientific study of the universe and not of the implications of the science. But then again let us not forget that Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, St. Thomas Aquinas and GW Leibniz have used the notion of a universal order to reality in their moral and ethical arguments as well as their proposals of viewing reality. This brings us to the Cosmological argument and Aquinas' view is no different from the view of Islamic Scholars that preceded him known as the Kalam argument. Al-Ghali for example proposed that 'everything that begins to exist requires a cause of its beginning. The world is composed ...

Solution Summary

The solution is a 776-word narrative that discusses the notion of the universe as a Cosmos and if the notion of a 'cosmological view' applies to concepts of justice/injustice especially in relation to ideas of a 'universal order' and universal 'balance'. References are listed for the purpose of further research. A word vesion of the solution is attached for easy printing and digital use.

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Einstein's static universe- Introduction by Cosmology

(4.2) Consider Einstein's static universe, in which the attractive force of the matter density p is exactly balanced by the repulsive force of the cosmological constant, Λ=4piGp. Suppose that some of the matter is converted into radiation (by stars, for instance). Will the universe start to expand or contract? Explain your answer.

(4.3) If p=3x10^-27 kg/m^3, what is the radius of curvature R_0 of Einstein's static universe? How long would it take a photon to circumnavigate such a universe?

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