According to Aristotle's theory, is rationality the only inherent difference between humans and other animals?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 3:04 am ad1c9bdddf
According to Aristotle's theory, is rationality the only inherent difference between humans and other animals?
Firs of all, you have to understand that for Aristotle, everything has an end and all actions tend towards an end. An end is the good for which such an act or something exists. There are, however, instrumental and intrinsic ends. Whereas instrumental ends are actions that are performed for other ends, literally as instruments to an end, intrinsic acts are performed for their own sake. All instruments we use, and all our professions, have instrumental ends. When instruments fulfill their functions, then they are good. The laptop is good if it performs the job laptops are expected to perform. A teacher is good if he performs the functions of a teacher, same for a ...
This post addresses the question: Did Aristotle think that the only inherent difference between humans and other animals is rationality? From understanding the link between rationality and morality in Aristotle, we're able to show that what differentiates humans is not just rationality.
Happiness and Rationality.
Imagine that you have to undergo some operation that would leave you perfectly healthy, but without your ability to reason. As part of this operation, you'd still be able to feel pleasure but not pain, either emotionally or physically. You'd end up with the basic awareness of some sort of lower animal in exchange for a life of gratuitous pleasure.
According to the position of Hedonism, what ultimately makes one happy is what is right to do. Consequently, the operation explains the most perfect form of hedonism: pure happiness, with no worry, no stress, nor emotional anguish.
(A) Would you undergo such an operation? Why or why not?
(B) Explain how your answer in (A) differs (if at all) from what Aristotle says about a fulfilled life.
(C) Explain what your answer in (A) reveals to you about the role of rationality within the larger context of human life.View Full Posting Details